, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 267–276 | Cite as

Voltammetric Properties of Nickel Hexacyanoferrate (III) Obtained on the Titanium (IV) Silsesquioxane Occluded into the H-FAU Zeolite for Detection of Sulfite

  • Devaney Ribeiro do CarmoEmail author
  • Vitor Alexandre Maraldi
  • Loanda Raquel Cumba
Original Paper


A composite prepared from titanium (IV) silsesquioxane and phosphoric acid (TTiP) was prepared and occluded into the H-FAU zeolite (ZTTiP). The material was chemically modified with nickel and subsequently by potassium hexacyanoferrate (III) (ZTTiPNiH). It was preliminarily characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The voltammetric behavior of ZTTipNiH was obtained employing a modified graphite paste electrode (GPE) showing one well-defined redox couple with a formal potential of E\(^{{\theta ^{\prime }}}=\) 0.51V (vs Ag/AgCl(sat)), KCl (3M) (20% w/w; v = 20 mV s− 1; KCl; 1.00 mol L− 1) corresponding to the NiIIFeII(CN)6/NiIIFeIII(CN)6 redox process. After rigorous voltammetric studies, the GPE modified with ZTTiPNiH was applied for facile and rapid detection of sulfite. From the analytical curve, a linear response was obtained in a concentration range of 0.05 to 0.80 mmol L− 1 and a detection limit (3σ) of 0.05 mmol L− 1 with a relative standard deviation of 4.21% (n = 3) and an amperometric sensitivity of 14.42 mA L mol− 1 for sulfite.


Silsesquioxanes Titanium (IV) silsesquioxane Zeolite Nickel hexacyanoferrate (III) Voltammetry Sulfite 


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Funding Information

The authors would like to express their gratitude for the financial support by the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP- Proc. 2012/05438-1 and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Devaney Ribeiro do Carmo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vitor Alexandre Maraldi
    • 1
  • Loanda Raquel Cumba
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Física e Química, Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha SolteiraUNESP - Universidade Estadual PaulistaIlha SolteiraBrazil

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