, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 1071–1082 | Cite as

Investigation of Mechano-chemical Properties of the Effects of Nanoparticles in Artificial Stone Produced

  • Sajad Baramaleki
  • Leila MahdavianEmail author
Original Paper


The aim of this study is to produce artificial stone from the sludge of stone cutting factories, its properties are increased by adding nano-fillers. The results show reduced the water content to 25% and increasing of resin unconfined compressive strength increased. To further enhance the properties of the sample and minimize the pores is used the TiO2, ZnO and SiC nano-fillers, almost all pores are destroyed and have observed a significant increase in physicochemical properties. Unlike artificial stone composite is obtained in the absence of the concrete water basin, showed better properties and these properties are increasing over time. The optimum sample is obtained in this study with a glossy surface and hydrophobic compressive strength and flexural samples that samples are determined 450 g of sludge of stone cutting (SSC), cement (C) is 50 wt.% of SSC, water is 25%, resin is 7% and filler is silicon carbide, it is 12wt.% of cement.


Artificial stone Nano-fillers Traverten stone Marmarit stone Sludge of stone cutting 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



I would like to thank from Doroud branch of Islamic Azad University and Doroud cement factory, for providing me with all the necessary facilities for the research.


  1. 1.
    Sarami N, Mahdavian L (2016) Mechanical Properties of Artificial Stones Produced from Sludge of Stone-Cutting Factories (SSCF): The Effects of Nano-fillers (a TiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles). Silicon.
  2. 2.
    Sarami N, Mahdavian L (2015) Effect of inorganic compound on arti?cial stones’ properties. Int J Ind Chem 6:213–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barani K, Esmaili H (2016) Production of artificial stone slabs using waste granite and marble stone sludge samples. J Mining Environment 7(1):135–141Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fahiminia M, Ardani R, Hashemi S, Alizadeh M (2013) Wastewater treatment of stone cutting industries by coagulation. ProcessArch Hyg Sci 2(1):16–22Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sabah E, Aciksoz C Flocculation performanve of fine particles in travertine slime suspension. Physicochem Probl Miner Process. 48(2):555–566Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mosaferi M, Dianat I, Shaker Khatibi M, Nemati Mansour S, Fahiminia M, Asl Hashemi A (2014) Review of environmental aspects and waste management of stone cutting and fabrication industries. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 16(4):721–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sarami N, Mahdavian L (2016) Comparison of artificial stone made from sludge stone with travertine stone waste of the stone cutting factory. Int J Eng Res Africa 23:64–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Al-Hamaiedh H (2010) Reuse of marble sludge slime in ceramic industry. Jordan J Civ Eng 4(3):264–271Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Allam ME, Bakhoum ES, Garas GL (2014) Reuse of granite sludge in producing green concrete. ARPN J Eng Appl Sci 9(12):2731–2737Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Al-Joulani N, Salah N (2014) The stone slurry in palestine from environmental burden to economic opportunities-feasibility analysis. J Environ Prot 5:1075–1090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Silvestre J, Silvestre N, de Brito J (2015) An overview on the improvement of mechanical properties of ceramics nanocomposites. J Nanomaterials 106494-13:2015Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mashaly AO, Shalaby BN, El-Hefnawi MA (2012) Characterization of the marble sludge of the Shaq El Thoaban industrial zone, Egypt and its compatibility for various recycling applications. Aust J Basic Appl Sci. 6 (3):153–161Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mahdavian L (2015) Effect of nanoparticles of aTiO2 in artificial stone of produced from sludge of stone cutting factory (SSCF). ChemXpress 8(3):188–193Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ghoddousi P, Shirzadi Javid AA, Sobhani J (2015) A fuzzy system methodology for concrete mixture design considering maximum packing density and minimum cement content. Arabian J Sci Eng 40(8):2239–2249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    BS EN 14617-1 (2013) Agglomerated stone. Test methods. Determination of apparent density and water absorptionGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    BS EN 14617-4 (2012) Agglomerated stone - Test methods - Part 4: Determination of the abrasion resistanceGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    KS L ISO 8486-1-2013 Bonded abrasives. Determination and designation of grain size distribution. Part 1: Macrogrits F4 to F220Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    BS EN 16140 (2011) Natural stone test methods. Determination of sensitivity to changes in appearance produced by thermal cyclesGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Roy K, Alam MN, Mandal SK, Debnath SC (2014) Surface modification of sol-gel derived nano zinc oxide (ZnO) and the study of its effect on the properties of styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) nanocomposites. J Nanostruct Chem 4(4):133–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Smirnova NP, Surovtseva NI, Fesenko TV, Demianenko EM, Grebenyuk AG, Eremenko AM (2015) Photodegradation of dye acridine yellow on the surface of mesoporous TiO2,, SiO2/TiO2 and SiO2 films: spectroscopic and theoretical studies. J Nanostruct Chem 5(4):333–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    RoyMd K (2016) Najib AlamSwapan Kumar MandalSubhas Chandra Debnath, Silica-coated nano calcium carbonate reinforced polychloroprene rubber nanocomposites: influence of silica coating on cure, mechanical and thermal properties. J Nanostruct Chem 6(1):15–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Doroud BranchIslamic Azad UniversityDoroudIran

Personalised recommendations