Advertisement

Silicon

pp 1–6 | Cite as

Esterification of 1-Octanol on Clinoptilolite-Supported TiO2 Catalysts

  • Bensu Özyağcı
  • Volkan Şahin
  • Abdulkerim Karabakan
Original Paper
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, a natural type of zeolite, Clinoptilolite (CLI), is used as a support for TiO2. First, TiO2-supported heterogeneous catalysts originated from the high temperature calcination of TiCl4 groups, which were thermally immobilized on clinoptilolite, were obtained. Powder-XRD and EDX analyzes showed that the oxide form of Ti-immobilized on dealuminated clinoptilolite were formed in the anatase phase, and the zeolite structure was preserved. As seen in TGA/DTA analyzes, this catalyst could be efficient and have high stability for many reactions. Second, the esterification reaction of 1-octanol with acetic acid is used as a reference reaction for this catalyst.

Keywords

Zeolite Clinoptilolite Titanium dioxide Catalysis Esterification Octanol 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study is financed by Hacettepe University with the projects FHD-2016-12145 and FDS-2016-10347.

Supplementary material

12633_2018_9869_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (117 kb)
(PDF 116 KB)

References

  1. 1.
    Khoshbin R, Haghighi M, Asari N (2013) Direct synthesis of dimethyl ether on the admixed nanocatalysts of CuO–ZnO–Al2O3 and HNO3-modified clinoptilolite at high pressures: surface properties and catalytic performance. Mater Res Bull 48:767–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Asgari N, Haghighi M, Shafiei S (2013) Synthesis and physicochemical characterization of nanostructured CeO2/clinoptilolite for catalytic total oxidation of xylene at low temperature. Environ Prog Sustain 32:587–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yosefi L, Haghghi M, Allahyari S, Ashkriz S (2015) The beneficial use of HCl-activated natural zeolite in ultrasound assisted synthesis of Cu/clinoptilolite–CeO2 nanocatalyst used for catalytic oxidation of diluted toluene in air at low temperature. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 90:765–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jamalzadeh Z, Haghighi M, Asgari N (2014) Synthesis and physicochemical characterizations of nanostructured Pd/carbon-clinoptilolite-CeO2 catalyst for abatement of xylene from waste gas streams at low temperature. J Ind Eng Chem 20:2735–2744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khosbin R, Haghighi M (2013) Preparation and catalytic performance of CuO-ZnO-AlO3/clinoptilolite nanocatalyst for single-step synthesis of dimethyl ether from syngas as a green fuel. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 13:4996–5003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shankar MV, Anandan S, Venkatachalam N, Arabindoo B, Murugesan V (2006) Fine route for an efficient removal of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) by zeolite-supported TiO2. Chemosphere 63:1014–1021CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nikazar M, Gholivand K, Mahanpoor K (2008) Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye Acid Red 114 in water with TiO2 supported on clinoptilolite as a catalyst. Desalination 219:293–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yamashita H, Kawasaki S, Yuan S, Maekawa K, Anpo M, Matsumura M (2007) Efficient adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants diluted in water using the fluoride-modified hydrophobic titanium oxide photocatalysts: Ti-containing Beta zeolite and TiO2 loaded on HMS mesoporous silica. Catal Today 126:375–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zabihi-Mobarakeh H, Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh A (2015) Application of supported TiO2 onto Iranian clinoptilolite nanoparticles in the photodegradation of mixture of aniline and 2, 4-dinitroaniline aqueous solution. J Ind Eng Chem 26:315–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Raitu C, Monea F, Lazau C, Grozescu I, Radovan C, Schooman J (2010) Electrochemical oxidation of p-aminophenol from water with boron-doped diamond anodes and assisted photocatalytically by TiO2-supported zeolite. Desalination 260:51–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kajaju DK, Kockler J, Motti CA, Glass BA, Oelgemöller M (2015) Titanium dioxide/zeolite integrated photocatalytic adsorbents for the degradation of amoxicillin. Appl Catal B: Environ 166–167:45–55Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rahmani F, Haghighi M, Vafaeian Y, Estifaee P (2014) Hydrogen production via CO2 reforming of methane over ZrO2-Doped Ni/ZSM-5 nanostructured catalyst prepared by ultrasound assisted sequential impregnation method. J Power Sources 272:816– 827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kajeh Talkhoncheh S, Haghighi M (2015) Syngas production via dry reforming of methane over Ni-based nanocatalyst over various supports of clinoptilolite, ceria and alumina. J Nat Gas Sci Eng 23:16–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yu Y, Wang J, Parr JF (2012) Preparation and properties of TiO2/fumed silica composite photocatalytic materials. Procedia Eng 27:448–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Arconada N, Duran A, Suarez S, Portela R, Coronado JM, Sanchez B, Castro Y (2009) Synthesis and photocatalytic properties of dense and porous TiO2-anatase thin films prepared by sol–gel. Appl Cat B: Environ 86:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vernardou D, Strarakis E, Kenanakis G, Yates HM, Couris S, Pemble ME, Koudomas E, Katsarakis N (2009) One pot direct hydrothermal growth of photoactive TiO2 films on glass. J Photoch Photobio A 202:81–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tian H, Ma J, Li K, Li J (2008) Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange with W-doped TiO2 synthesized by a hydrothermal method. Mater Chem Phys 112:47–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chakraborti AK, Singh B, Chankeshwara SV, Patel AR (2009) Protic acid immobilized on solid support as an extremely efficient recyclable catalyst system for a direct and atom economical esterification of carboxylic acids with alcohols. J Org Chem 74:5967–5974CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Balakrishnan T, Rajendran V (2000) Polymer supported reagents. III. Kinetic study of synthesizing n-octylacetate using insoluble titanium tetrachloride. J Appl Polym Sci 78:2075–2080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Choudary BM, Bhaskar V, Kantam ML, Rao KK, Raghavan KV (2002) Process for the production of esters from alcohols using acetic acid as acetylating and clays as catalysts. US Patent 6472555Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Izumi Y, Hisano K, Hida T (1999) Acid catalysis of silica-included heteropolyacid in polar reaction media. Appl Cat A: Gen 181:277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Akyalçın S, Altıokka MR (2012) Kinetics of esterification of acetic acid with 1-octanol in the presence of Amberlyst 36. Appl Cat A: Gen 429–430:79–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Khder AERS, Hassan HMA, El-Shall MS (2012) Acid catalyzed organic transformations by heteropoly tungstophosphoric acid supported on MCM-41. Appl Cat A: Gen 411–412:77–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Howard CJ, Sabine TM, Dickson F (1992) Structural and thermal parameters for rutile and anatase. Acta Cryst 47:462–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zuruzi AS, Kolmakov A, MacDonald NC, Moskovits M (2006) Highly sensitive gas sensor based on integrated nanosponge arrays. Appl Phys Lett 88:102904–102904-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Enriquez J, Lajas L, Alamilla R, Martin E, Alamilla P, Handy E, Galindo G, Serrano L (2013) Synthesis of solid acid catalysis based on TiO2-SO\(_{\mathrm {4}}^{\mathrm {2-}}\) and Pt/ TiO2-SO\(_{\mathrm {4}}^{\mathrm {2-}}\) applied in n-hexane isomerization. Open J Metal 3:34–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bensu Özyağcı
    • 1
  • Volkan Şahin
    • 2
  • Abdulkerim Karabakan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistryİzmir Institute of TechnologyİzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations