, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 2483–2490 | Cite as

Experimental Investigation on Effects of Wire Electro Discharge Machining of Ti50Ni45Co5 Shape Memory Alloys

  • Hargovind SoniEmail author
  • Narendranath S
  • Ramesh M R
Original Paper


TiNiCo shape memory alloy is most popular shape memory alloy for biomedical applications due to their outstanding properties such as shape memory effect, pseudoelasticity and transformation temperature. Machining of such kind of alloys is very difficult through conventional machining process is very difficult because they may affect their internal properties of these alloys. However conventional machining processes give poor surface quality during the machining hence non-conventional machining processes such as (wire electro discharge machining, water jet machining and electro discharge machining etc.) are more suitable for machining of such kind of alloy. From the literature it has been found that Wire electro discharge machining (WEDM) is more suitable non-conventional machining process for such kind of alloy. Present study exhibits the effects WEDM characteristics of Ti50Ni45Co5 shape memory alloy. L-9 orthogonal array has been created by using Taguchi as a design method for machining of selected alloy and machined surface characterization has been carried out at the optimized process parameters with respect to microstructures, surface topography, microhardness, XRD analysis and residual stresses. To find the optimum setting of the input process parameters a couple of optimization techniques are used, namely principal component analysis (PCA) and Gray relational analysis (GRA) technique. 125μs pulse on time (Ton), 35μs pulse off time (Toff) and 40V servo voltage (SV) were found as an optimal setting for the higher material removal rate (MRR) with better surface roughness (SR) in the present study. Moreover, characterization of the machined surface is performed with respect to microstructures, surface topography, microhardness analysis, XRD and residual stresses. Harder surface observed near the cutting edge and TiNio3 Tio2 and CuZn were noticed on the surface of machined component through XRD analysis. However, compressive residual stress has been noticed on the machined surface during WEDM process.


Shape memory alloy Wire electro discharge machining Optimization and machined surface characterizations 


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This work was supported by Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, and bearing project reference no. SB/S3/MMER/0067/2013. The authors acknowledge Prof. I Samajhdar, Department of metallurgical engineering and materials, IIT Bombay for providing the facility to measure residual stresses.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology of KarnatakaSurathkalIndia

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