Characterization of Porous Alumino-Silicate Bonded SiC-Ceramics Prepared by Hand-Pressing and Extrusion Methods
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Silicon carbide was mixed with alumina and kaolin to obtain porous alumino-silicate bonded SiC ceramics. Starch was added as sacrificial template. The mixtures were processed by hand-pressing and extrusion method. The effect of firing temperature (1450 ∘C) and the addition of starch on the composition and characteristics of fired specimens were studied. The changes in phase composition and microstructure of fired SiC specimens were followed through x-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The sintering parameters and thermal oxidation in air of such specimens were determined. The results indicated that silicon carbide is oxidized during firing into silica which reacted with silica-alumina mixture forming alumino-silicate bonding. Meanwhile, starch burnt out leaving pores inside the specimens. Porous SiC specimens of 1.72 to 1.79 g.cm−2 bulk density, 40 to 45% open porosity and 250 to 350 N.cm−2 compressive strength could be obtained by using a mixture of 80 mass% SiC and 20 mass% alumina and kaolin as starting materials. The properties of porous SiC specimens depend on the type and amount of used starch. The extrusion method is favorable for preparing porous SiC articles of homogeneous microstructure and good properties.
KeywordsPorous SiC Alumino-silicate Extrusion Starch
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