, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 217–227 | Cite as

Novel Approach to Synthesis of Monodisperse Polymeric Microspheres: Heterophase Polymerization of Styrene and Methyl Methacrylate in Presence of Water-Insoluble Functional PDMSs

  • Denis I. ShraginEmail author
  • Inessa A. Gritskova
  • Victor V. Kopylov
  • Elena V. Milushkova
  • Liubov A. Zlydneva
  • Sergey M. Levachev
Original Paper


Water-insoluble polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMSs) with functional organic substituents at the silicon atom are promising surface-active substances for the synthesis of monodisperse polymeric microspheres. In this regard a number of PDMS oligomers bearing different functional chain ends (amino, carboxylic and epoxy groups) were synthesized by conventional approaches. Solubility of PDMS in both the monomers (styrene (St) or methyl methacrylate (MMA)) and water as well as their surface-active properties at the water-toluene interface were investigated. Heterophase polymerization of St and MMA was carried out in the presence of functional PMDS and the resulting suspensions of polymeric microspheres were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was shown that the polymeric suspensions obtained have a very narrow particle size distribution and high stability in electrolyte solutions. The mechanism of the interfacial layer formation which explains the observed results is proposed.


Polystyrene Polymethyl methacrylate Radical polymerization Functional polydimethylsiloxane Surface-active substances Monodisperse functional latexes 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Pellach M, Margel S (2014) Photochem and Photobiol 90:952–956Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ryu J-H, Lee Y-H, Suh K-D (2008) J Appl Polym Sci 107:102–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kuehne AJC, Gather MC, Sprakel J (2012) Nat Commun, doi: 10.1038/ncomms2085
  4. 4.
    Horák D, Kučerová J, Korecká L, Jankovičová B, Palarčík J, Mikulášek P, Bílková Z (2012) Macromol Biosci 12:647–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Prokopov NI, Gritskova IA, Cherkasov VR, Chalykh AE (1996) Russ Chem Rev 65:167–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Omer-Mizrahi M, Margel S (2010) Polymer 51:1222–1230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ugelstad J, P C Mørk, Kaggerud KH, Ellingsen T, Berge A (1980) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 13:101–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Omi S, Katami K, Yamamoto A, Iso M (1994) J Appl Polym Sci 51:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Omi S, Matsuda A, Imamura K, Naga M, Ma G-H (1999) A: Physiochemical Eng Asp 153:373–381Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Okubo M, Shiozaki M, Tsujihiro M, Tsukuda Y (1991) Colloid Polym Sci 269:222–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gao Zh, Grulke EA, Ray AK (2007) Colloid Polym Sci 285:847–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Senuma Y, Hilborn JG (1999) Mat Res Innovat 3:42–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kawaguchi S, Ito K (2005) Adv Polym Sci 175:299–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gritskova IA, Adebayo GB, Krasheninnikova YG, Kaminsky VA (1998) Colloid Polym Sci 276:1068–1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yanul’ Yu B (1992) Synthesis of functional polymeric suspensions in the presence of oligomeric peroxyesters. PhD thesis , MoscowGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gritskova IA, Zhdanov AA, Chirikova OV, Schegolikhina OI (1994) Dokl Akad Nauk (Russ Ed) 334:57–59Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Holmberg K, Jönsson B, Kronberg B, Lindman B (2003) Surfactants and polymers in aqueous solution, 2nd edn. Wiley , New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Adamson AW, Gast AP (1997) Physical chemistry of surfaces. Wiley interscience publication. New York, p. 808Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kopylov VM, Kovjazin VA, Ivanov VV, Markuze I Yu (2007) Organosilicon carboxylates of rare-earth elements as thermal stabilizers of polydiorganosiloxane liquids and a method for preparation thereof. Pat Russian Federation No. 2291877Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yilgor I, McGrath JE (1988) Adv in Polym Sci 89:1–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Khomikovskii PM (1958) Rus Chem Rev (Russ Ed) 27:1025–1055Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denis I. Shragin
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Inessa A. Gritskova
    • 1
  • Victor V. Kopylov
    • 1
  • Elena V. Milushkova
    • 1
  • Liubov A. Zlydneva
    • 1
  • Sergey M. Levachev
    • 4
  1. 1.M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University of Fine Chemical TechnologiesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.N.S. Enikolopov Institute of Synthetic Polymeric MaterialsFoundation of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement CompoundsFoundation of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Chemistry DepartmentM. V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations