Passivity breakdown of 13Cr stainless steel under high chloride and CO2 environment

  • Hui-xin Li
  • Da-peng Li
  • Lei ZhangEmail author
  • Ya-wen Wang
  • Xiu-yun Wang
  • Min-xu Lu


Herein, the effect of high chloride ion (Cl) concentration on the corrosion behavior and passive film breakdown of 13Cr martensitic stainless steel under CO2 environment was demonstrated. The Cl concentration was varied from 30 to 150 g/L and cyclic potentiodynamic polarization was conducted to investigate the influence of the Cl concentration on the corrosion potential (Ecorr), passive breakdown potential (Epit), and repassivation potential (Erep). The results of the polarization curves revealed that 13Cr stainless steel is susceptible to pitting under high Cl concentration. The passive breakdown potential and repassivation potential decreased with the increase of Cl concentration. The semiconducting behavior of the passive film was investigated by Mott-Schottky analysis and the point defect model (PDM). It was observed that the iron cation vacancies and oxygen vacancies were continuously generated by autocatalytic reactions and the higher Cl concentration resulted in higher vacancies in the passive film. Once the excess vacancies condensed at the metal/film interface, the passive film became locally detached from the metal, which led to the breakdown of the passive film.


13Cr stainless steel electrochemical characterization pitting corrosion high chloride concentration passive film breakdown 


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This work was financially supported by the National Science and Technology Major Project of China (No. 2016ZX05028–004).


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Copyright information

© University of Science and Technology Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui-xin Li
    • 1
  • Da-peng Li
    • 2
  • Lei Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ya-wen Wang
    • 3
  • Xiu-yun Wang
    • 2
  • Min-xu Lu
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Advanced Materials and TechnologyUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina
  2. 2.Safetech Research Institute (Beijing) Co., Ltd.BeijingChina
  3. 3.CRRC Beijing Locomotive Co., Ltd.BeijingChina

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