Effect of continuous casting speed on mold surface flow and the related near-surface distribution of non-metallic inclusions

  • Peng Fei
  • Yi MinEmail author
  • Cheng-jun Liu
  • Mao-fa Jiang


For the control of surface defects in interstitial-free (IF) steel, quantitative metallographic analyses of near-surface inclusions and surface liquid flow detection via the nail-board tipping method were conducted. The results show that, at casting speeds of 0.8 and 1.0 m/min, a thin liquid mold flux layer forms and non-uniform floating of argon bubbles occurs, inducing the entrainment and subsequent entrapment of the liquid flux; fine inclusion particles of Al2O3 can also aggregate at the solidification front. At higher casting speeds of 1.4 and 1.6 m/min, the liquid mold flux can be entrained and carried deeper into the liquid steel pool because of strong level fluctuations of the liquid steel and the flux. The optimal casting speed is approximately 1.2 m/min, with the most favorable surface flow status and, correspondingly, the lowest number of inclusions near the slab surface.


non-metallic inclusions distribution casting speed surface flow 


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This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51674069) and the National Key R & D Program of China (No. 2017YFC0805100).


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Copyright information

© University of Science and Technology Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng Fei
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yi Min
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Cheng-jun Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mao-fa Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Ecological Metallurgy of Multimetallic Mineral (Ministry of Education)ShenyangChina
  2. 2.School of Metallurgy, Northeastern UniversityhenyangChina

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