Advertisement

Flow-accelerated corrosion behavior of 13Cr stainless steel in a wet gas environment containing CO2

  • Yong Li
  • Min-dong Chen
  • Jian-kuan Li
  • Long-fei Song
  • Xin Zhang
  • Zhi-yong Liu
Article
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

This work investigated the flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC) behavior of 13Cr in a wet CO2-containing environment at different flowing gas velocities and impinging angles, with the natural-gas pipeline environment simulated by a self-assembled impingement jet system. Surface morphology determination, electrochemical measurements, and hydromechanics numerical analysis were carried out to study the FAC behavior. The results demonstrate that pitting corrosion was the primary mode of corrosion in 13Cr stainless steel. High-flow-rate gas destroyed the passive film and decreased the pitting potential, resulting in more serious corrosion. The corrosion degree with various impact angles showed the following order: 90° > 60° > 45°. The shear force and the electrolyte from the flowing gas were concluded to be the determinant factors of FAC, whereas the shear force was the main factor responsible for destroying the passive film.

Keywords

flow-accelerated corrosion jet loop flowing velocity impact angle CO2 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Environmental Corrosion Platform (NECP), the National Key Technology R&D Program of China (No. 2011BAK06B01-01-02) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of china (No. FRF-BR-17-028A).

References

  1. [1]
    X.G. Li, D.W. Zhang, Z.Y. Liu, Z. Li, C.W. Du, and C.F. Dong, Materials science: share corrosion data, Nature, 527(2015), 7579, p. 441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    S. Nešić, Key issues related to modelling of internal corrosion of oil and gas pipelines—a review, Corros. Sci., 49(2007), 12, p. 4308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    J.W. Yang, H2S/CO2 corrosion of X60 pipeline steel in wet gas and solution, Acta Metall. Sin., 44(2008), 11, p. 1366.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    S.S. Rajahram, T.J. Harvey, and R.J.K. Wood, Erosion- corrosion resistance of engineering materials in various test conditions, Wear, 267(2009), No. 1–4, p. 244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    K. Najmi, B.S. McLaury, S.A. Shirazi, and S. Cremaschi, Experimental study of low concentration sand transport in wet gas flow regime in horizontal pipes, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng., 24(2015), p. 80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    P.B. Machado, J.G.M. Monteiro, J.L. Medeiros, H.D. Epsom, and O.Q.F. Araujo, Supersonic separation in onshore natural gas dew point plant, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng., 6(2012), p. 43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    L.T. Wang, Y.Y. Xing, Z.Y. Liu, D.W. Zhang, C.W. Du, and X.G. Li, Erosion-corrosion behavior of 2205 duplex stainless steel in wet gas environments, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng., 35(2016), p. 928.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    X.M. Hu and A. Neville, CO2 erosion-corrosion of pipeline steel (API X65) in oil and gas conditions—a systematic approach, Wear, 267(2009), 11, p. 2027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    A. Kahyarian, M. Singer, and S. Nesic, Modeling of uniform CO2 corrosion of mild steel in gas transportation systems: a review, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng., 29(2016), p. 530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    M. Bagheri, A. Alamdari, and M. Davoudi, Quantitative risk assessment of sour gas transmission pipelines using CFD, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng., 31(2016), p. 108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    L. Giourntas, T. Hodgkiess, and A.M. Galloway, Comparative study of erosion-corrosion performance on a range of stainless steels, Wear, 332-333(2015), p. 1051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    D.A. López, T. Pérez, and S.N. Simison, The influence of microstructure and chemical composition of carbon and low alloy steels in CO2 corrosion. A state-of-the-art appraisal, Mater. Des., 24(2003), 8, p. 561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    G.A. Zhang and Y.F. Cheng, Electrochemical corrosion of X65 pipe steel in oil/water emulsion, Corros. Sci., 51(2009), 4, p. 901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    M.A. Islam and Z.N. Farhat, The synergistic effect between erosion and corrosion of API pipeline in CO2 and saline medium, Tribol. Int., 68(2013), p. 26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    R.J.K. Wood, J.C. Walker, T.J. Harvey, S. Wang, and S.S. Rajahram, Influence of microstructure on the erosion and erosion-corrosion characteristics of 316 stainless steel, Wear, 306(2013), No. 1–2, p. 254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    E. Mahdi, A. Rauf, and E.O. Eltai, Effect of temperature and erosion on pitting corrosion of X100 steel in aqueous silica slurries containing bicarbonate and chloride content, Corros. Sci., 83(2014), p. 48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Y.L. Zhao, F. Zhou, J. Yao, S.G. Dong, and N. Li, Erosion- corrosion behavior and corrosion resistance of AISI 316 stainless steel in flow jet impingement, Wear, 328-329(2015), p. 464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    G.A. Zhang, L.Y. Xu, and Y.F. Cheng, Investigation of erosion- corrosion of 3003 aluminum alloy in ethylene glycol- water solution by impingement jet system, Corros. Sci., 51(2009), 2, p. 283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    W.M. Zhao, C. Wang, T.M. Zhang, M. Yang, B. Han, and A. Neville, Effects of laser surface melting on erosion-corrosion of X65 steel in liquid-solid jet impingement conditions, Wear, 362-363(2016), p. 39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    G.A. Zhang, L. Zeng, H.L. Huang, and X.P. Guo, A study of flow accelerated corrosion at elbow of carbon steel pipeline by array electrode and computational fluid dynamics simula tion, Corros. Sci., 77(2013), p. 334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    S. Papavinasam, R. Revie, M. Attard, A. Demoz, and K. Michaelian, Comparison of laboratory methodologies to evaluate corrosion inhibitors for oil and gas pipelines, Corrosion, 59(2003), 10, p. 897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    X. Jiang, Y.G. Zheng, and W. Ke, Effect of flow velocity and entrained sand on inhibition performances of two inhibitors for CO2 corrosion of N80 steel in 3% NaCl solution, Corros. Sci., 47(2005), 11, p. 2636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    A.H. Hosseinloo, F.F. Yap, and L.Y. Lim, Design and analysis of shock and random vibration isolation system for a discrete model of submerged jet impingement cooling system, J. Vib. Control, 21(2015), 3, p. 468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    H. Luo, C.F. Dong, X.G. Li, and K. Xiao, The electrochemical behaviour of 2205 duplex stainless steel in alkaline solutions with different pH in the presence of chloride, Electrochim. Acta, 64(2012), p. 211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    X.F. Wang, Z.J. Dong, Y.J. Liang, Z.H. Zhang, and C.F. Chen, Development of economic steels with low Cr content for anti-corrosion oil tube, Corros. Sci. Protect. Technol., 18(2006), 6, p. 436.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    H. Takabe and M. Ueda, The relationship between CO2 corrosion resistance and corrosion products structure on carbon and low Cr bearing steels, Corros. Eng., 56(2007), 11, p. 514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    G.A. Zhang and Y.F. Cheng, Electrochemical characterization and computational fluid dynamics simulation of flow-accelerated corrosion of X65 steel in a CO2-saturated oilfield formation water, Corros. Sci. 52(2010), 8, p. 2716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    K. Stewartson, Mechanics of Fluids, Nature, 272(1978), 5648, p. 109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    B.S. Massey and J. Ward-Smith, Mechanics of Fluids, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1998, p. 36.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    B.R. Munson, D.F. Young, and T.H. Okiishi, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 3rd Ed. Wiley, New York, 1990, p. 16.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    M. Metikoš-Huković, I. Škugor, Z. Grubač, and R. Babić, Complexities of corrosion behaviour of copper-nickel alloys under liquid impingement conditions in saline water, Electrochim. Acta, 55(2010), 9, p. 3123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© University of Science and Technology Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong Li
    • 1
  • Min-dong Chen
    • 1
  • Jian-kuan Li
    • 1
  • Long-fei Song
    • 1
  • Xin Zhang
    • 2
  • Zhi-yong Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Corrosion and Protection Centre, Key Laboratory for Corrosion and Protection (MOE) National Environmental Corrosion Platform (NECP)University of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina
  2. 2.Nuclear and Radiation Safety CenterMinistry of Environmental Protection of P.R. ChinaBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations