Revue de médecine périnatale

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 134–145 | Cite as

Exposition prénatale à la pollution atmosphérique extérieure et grossesse

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Résumé

La pollution de l’air extérieur est le principal facteur de risque environnemental pour la santé. Près de 90 % des citadins européens sont exposés à des niveaux supérieurs aux normes de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé. Elle est cancérigène pour l’Homme, et elle exerce un effet délétère avéré sur la grossesse. Le niveau de preuve est suffisant pour la prématurité, la croissance fœtale, l’hypertension gravidique et la prééclampsie. Des recommandations spécifiques doivent être données aux femmes en âge de procréer et aux femmes enceintes afin de les protéger.

Mots clés

Grossesse Pollution atmosphérique extérieure Fenêtre de vulnérabilité Origine développementale de la santé et de la maladie 

Prenatal exposure to outdoor air pollution and pregnancy

Abstract

Outdoor air pollution is the major environmental risk factor for health. About 90% of European citizens are exposed to air pollutants at levels exceeding air quality standards according to the World Health Organization. It is classified as carcinogenic to humans and exposures to air pollutants result in deleterious effect on pregnancy. The level of proof is sufficient for preterm birth, fetal growth, gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia. Women of childbearing potential and pregnant women should be advised to follow specific recommendations in order to protect themselves and their unborn children.

Keywords

Pregnancy Outdoor air pollutants Windows of vulnerability Developmental origins of health and disease 

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Copyright information

© Lavoisier 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Département de toxicologie, santé publique et environnement, Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques de Lilleuniversité de Lille-Nord de France-IIILille cedexFrance
  2. 2.EA4483 « Impact de l’environnement chimique sur la santé humaine », Faculté de médecine, pôle rechercheLille cedexFrance

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