Revue de médecine périnatale

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 5–10 | Cite as

Diabète gestationnel, surpoids, obésité

Article Original / Original Article

Résumé

Le diabète gestationnel (DG) peut être un diabète de type 2 (DT2) méconnu, découvert pendant la grossesse ou une anomalie de la tolérance glucidique réellement apparue en cours de grossesse dont les pronostics sont différents. Il existe une corrélation linéaire et positive entre l’hyperglycémie maternelle et les complications périnatales. L’obésité maternelle est un facteur de risque de complications surajouté et indépendant de l’hyperglycémie

Mots clés

Diabète gestationnel Obésité Complications périnatales Dépistage 

Gestational diabetes mellitus, overweight, obesity

Abstract

Gestational diabetes mellitus might be either an unknown type 2 diabetes mellitus diagnosed during pregnancy or a glucose tolerance impairment appearing during pregnancy; these two conditions have different prognosis. There is a positive linear correlation between maternal hyperglycemia and perinatal complications. Maternal obesity is an independent risk factor for perinatal complications.

Keywords

Gestational diabetes mellitus Obesity Perinatal complications Screening 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Service de gynécologie obstétriqueuniversité Paris-Descartes, hôpital Cochin-Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, AP-HPParis cedex 14France

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