Current Breast Cancer Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 127–142 | Cite as

Integrative Review of the Supportive Care Needs of Asian and Caucasian Women with Breast Cancer

  • Janelle V. LevesqueEmail author
  • Afaf Girgis
  • Bogda Koczwara
  • Cannas Kwok
  • Savitri Singh-Carlson
  • Sylvie Lambert
Psycho-Oncology and Supportive Care (W WT Lam, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Psycho-Oncology and Supportive Care


Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide. Women with breast cancer report numerous supportive care needs throughout the illness trajectory, including informational, psychological, physical, and daily living challenges. Whilst information about the prevalence and predictors of supportive care needs is essential to guide service planning, little is known about how such needs differ around the world. An integrative review of research published since 2012 was undertaken to examine the supportive care/unmet needs of women with breast cancer from Asian or Caucasian origins. Of the 23 articles identified, results suggest that Asian women report higher levels of health system and information needs, whereas Caucasian women report higher psychological needs. Unmet needs may be predicted by age, marital status, symptom distress, depression or anxiety, and care satisfaction, regardless of Asian/Caucasian status. Future cross-cultural research employing longitudinal designs and/or examining intervention efficacy to address unmet needs is warranted.


Breast cancer Supportive care needs Unmet needs Asian Caucasian Psychological Information needs Review 



Prof Girgis is funded through a Cancer Institute NSW grant.

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Janelle V. Levesque, Afaf Girgis, Bogda Koczwara, Cannas Kwok, Savitri Singh-Carlson, and Sylvie D. Lambert declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janelle V. Levesque
    • 1
    Email author
  • Afaf Girgis
    • 1
  • Bogda Koczwara
    • 2
    • 3
  • Cannas Kwok
    • 4
  • Savitri Singh-Carlson
    • 5
  • Sylvie Lambert
    • 6
  1. 1.Centre for Oncology Education and Research Translation (CONCERT), Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research, South Western Sydney Clinical School, UNSW MedicineUniversity of New South Wales, Liverpool HospitalLiverpool BCAustralia
  2. 2.Flinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Medical Oncology, Flinders Medical CentreFlinders Centre for Innovation in CancerBedford ParkAustralia
  4. 4.University of Western SydneySydneyAustralia
  5. 5.School of NursingCalifornia State University, Long BeachLong BeachUSA
  6. 6.Ingram School of NursingMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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