The Dose-Response Associations of Sedentary Time with Chronic Diseases and the Risk for All-Cause Mortality Affected by Different Health Status: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

  • Renqing ZhaoEmail author
  • W. Bu
  • Y. Chen
  • X. Chen



To determine the dose-response associations of sedentary behaviour with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cancer, and all-cause mortality, and to examine whether the sedentary-associated all-cause mortality risk was affected by appearance of diabetes and hypertension, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI).


We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to search Medline, SportDiscus, and Web of Science for eligible studies.


Prospective cohort studies that reported sedentary time and CVD, cancer, and mortality incidents.


Two authors independently extracted data based on predefined criteria. The effect estimates were evaluated by hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidences (CIs).


Twenty-four studies met the inclusion criteria. Sitting time showed dose-response associations with CVD, cancer, and all-cause mortality, with each 1-hour increment of sitting time daily accounting for HRs 1.04 (95% CIs 1.02–1.07), 1.01 (1.00–1.02), and 1.03 (1.02–1.03), respectively. The link between sitting time and CVD and all-cause mortality was non-linear (pnon-linear < 0.0001). The relationship between TV viewing and CVD and all-cause mortality was dose-dependent, with HRs 1.07 (1.06–1.09) and 1.04 (1.01–1.06) for per 1-hour increment of TV time every day, respectively. The regression was curved (pnon-linear < 0.0001). When the analysis was stratified by the percentage of diabetes and hypertension, BMI values, and physical activity levels, we found that higher BMI and a greater percentage of diabetes and hypertension further increased all-cause mortality risk in the most sedentary populations, whereas higher physical activity levels decreased it.


Sitting time and TV viewing significantly increased cardiovascular, cancer, and mortality risk; the associations were dose-dependent. More importantly, sedentary behaviour in combination with chronic diseases or high BMI increased all-cause mortality risk whereas physical activity was likely to alleviate the adverse associations.

Key words

Sedentary behaviour heart diseases cancer mortality health status 


Funding: This work was supported in part by the Talent Project of Yangzhou University (No. 5011/137011159).

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that no competing interest.

Ethical Standards: This study did not include any animal or human experiments.

Supplementary material

12603_2019_1298_MOESM1_ESM.docx (98 kb)
Supplementary Materials


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© Serdi and Springer-Verlag International SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Physical EducationYangzhou UniversityYangzhou, JiangsuChina

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