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The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 211–216 | Cite as

A Prospective Association of Nut Consumption with Cognitive Function in Chinese Adults Aged 55+ _ China Health and Nutrition Survey

  • Ming LiEmail author
  • Z. Shi
Article

Abstract

Objectives

We aimed to investigate the association of nut intake with cognitive function in Chinese adults aged 55 and over.

Design

This was a prospective open cohort study with repeated measurements of diet and cognition scores.

Participants/settings

4822 adults aged 55 and over participating in the China Health Nutrition Survey during 1991–2006.

Measurements

Global cognitive function measured repeatedly in 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2006 using a subset of modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status; poor cognitive function was defined as cognition score<7. Nut consumption was collected using 3-day 24 recall method in 1991, 1993, and at surveys of cognition assessment.

Statistical analyses performed

Multilevel mixed effect linear regression and logistic regression analysis were conducted to assess the association with cognitive function.

Results

The unadjusted cognitive score decreased by 0.29 (95% CI 0.22–0.28) with one-year aging during 1997–2006. Nut intake of more than 10g/d was associated with higher cognition score by 0.63 points (95% CI 0.15–1.12) or 40% less likely to have poor cognitive function (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.43–0.84) after adjusted for demographic, lifestyle behavioural, BMI, and energy intake.

Conclusions

Nut consumption was inversely associated with cognition decline.

Key words

Nut consumption cognition function prospective association China Nutrition and Health Survey 

Supplementary material

12603_2018_1122_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 19.3 KB.

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Population Health Research, Division of Health SciencesUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Human Nutrition DepartmentQatar UniversityDohaQatar

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