A comparison of objective physical activity, muscle strength, and depression among community-dwelling older women living in sloped versus non-sloped environments
- 225 Downloads
To examine the relationship between the living location and outcomes of physical activity level and physical and psychological functioning in older women. The specific aim was to understand the association between living in a sloped versus non-sloped environment and these outcomes.
Setting and Participants
108 older women aged 65 years or older who resided in Nagasaki prefecture participated.
Physical activity, lung function, muscle strength (hand grip and quadriceps force) and depressive symptoms were assessed objectively.
In logistic regression, activity counts per day (OR 0.779, 95%CI 0.715-0.841, p<0.01), activity times per day (OR 0.821, 95%CI 0.801-0.913, p<0.01), hand grip force (OR 0.666, 95%CI 0.558-0.796, p<0.001), and depressed (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥16) (OR 1.093, 95%CI 1.019-1.427, p<0.05) showed statistically significant inverse associations with living in a sloped ground.
Since dwelling on sloped ground was associated with negative (lower physical activity levels, lower grip strength, and more depression) outcomes, a comprehensive geriatric assessment, related to all aspects of older women, is recommended. Planning of home exercise programs for the elderly should take such environmental factors into consideration.
Key wordsEnvironmental slope older women physical activity physical function depression
- 22.McKee G, Kearney PM, Kenny RA. The factors associated with self-reported physical activity in older adults living in the community. Age Ageing. 2015, 11. pii: afv042.Google Scholar
- 23.Nagasaki Web City. The regulations, rule of city. http://www1.g-reiki.net/nagasaki/reiki_honbun/q302RG00000474.html. Accessed 7 May 2015 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- 26.Kato M, Yamasaki H, Hiiragi Y, Nakashima K. Measurements of isometric knee extension force with a hand-held dynamometer: effect of interrater reliability using a fixing-belt. Sogo Rehabilitation 2001, 29: 1047–1050.Google Scholar
- 32.Kuh D, Bassey EJ, Butterworth S, Hardy R, Wadsworth ME, et al. Grip strength, postural control, and functional leg power in a representative cohort of British men and women: associations with physical activity, health status, and socioeconomic conditions. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2005, 60:224–231.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 34.Vance DE, Ross LA, Ball KK, Wadley VG, Rizzo M. Correlates of individual physical activities in older adults. Act Adapt Aging 2007; 31: 1–21.Google Scholar
- 37.Hamidizadeh S, Ahmadi F, Aslani Y, Ete-madifar S, Salehi K, et al. Study effect of a group-based exercise program on the quality of life in older men and women in 2006-2007. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences 2008, 16:81–86.Google Scholar
- 41.Qhasemi S, Mousavi N. Health guideline for older people. Tehran: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences press. 2000.Google Scholar