The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 54–58 | Cite as

Effects of individual dietary counseling as part of a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) on nutritional status: A population-based intervention study

  • Irma Nykänen
  • T. H. Rissanen
  • R. Sulkava
  • S. Hartikainen
Article

Abstract

Background

Nutritional risk is relatively common in community-dwelling older people.

Objective

To objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of individual dietary counseling as part of a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment on nutritional status among community-dwelling people aged 75 years or older.

Methods

Data were obtained from a subpopulation of participants in the population-based Geriatric Multidisciplinary Strategy for the Good Care of the Elderly (GeMS) intervention study in 2004 to 2007. In the present study, the population consist 173 persons at risk of malnutrition in the year 2005 in an intervention (n=84) and control group (n=89). Nutritional status, body weight, body mass index, serum albumin were performed at the beginning of the study and at a two-year follow-up. The nutritional screening was performed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) test.

Results

A increase in MNA scores (1.8 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.7 to 2.0) and in serum albumin (0.8 g/L, 95% CI: 0.2 to 0.9 g/L) were a significant difference between the groups.

Conclusions

Nutritional intervention, even dietary counseling without nutritional supplements, may improve nutritional status.

Key words

Dietary counselling nutrition intervention MNA aging 

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer-Verlag France 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irma Nykänen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
  • T. H. Rissanen
    • 3
  • R. Sulkava
    • 4
    • 5
  • S. Hartikainen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Kuopio Research Centre of Geriatric CareUniversity of Eastern FinlandKuopioFinland
  2. 2.School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of Eastern FinlandKuopioFinland
  3. 3.Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Unit of Public HealthUniversity of Eastern FinlandKuopioFinland
  4. 4.Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Unit of GeriatricsUniversity of Eastern FinlandKuopioFinland
  5. 5.Department of NeurologyKuopio University HospitalKuopioFinland
  6. 6.Kuopio Research Centre of Geriatric Care, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of Eastern FinlandKuopioFinland

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