Characteristics of patients who stop falling after a risk-based multidisciplinary intervention initiated in a geriatric day hospital
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Multidisciplinary interventions for fallers have provided conflicting results in part due to the diversity of fallers’ profiles.
to determine the characteristics of the subgroup of patients with a positive response to a multidisciplinary fall prevention program initiated in a geriatric day hospital.
Prospective observational study in day hospital.
Patients > 75 years referred for falls during the last 3 months benefited from a multidisciplinary assessment to record their characteristics at baseline and to tailor a risk-based multidisciplinary intervention for fall prevention. Patients free from falls at the 3rd or 6th month were compared to persistent fallers for baseline characteristics.
Sixty-nine patients were assessed at baseline (mean age 85.2 y (SD=0.6)), 44 at the 3rd month and 21 at the 6th month. Baseline characteristics of the patients free from falls at the 3rd month were the lower number of previous non-serious falls (p=0.013), living in nursing home (p=0.045), a higher Berg balance score (p=0.02) and a better mental health-related quality of life (M HQol, p=0.045). On multivariate analysis restricted to home-dwelling patients, the positive predictive factors were less isolation at home (OR=0.028, 95%CI [0–0.813], p=0.037), a lower number of non-serious previous falls (OR= 0.526 [0.309–0.894], p=0.018), a better M HQol (OR=1.205 [1.000–1.452], p=0.050) and a trend for younger age (OR= 0.662, [0.426–1.027], p=0.066).
Being able to call upon a support person (familial or institutional) to apply advice and a less serious risk of falling may be preliminary conditions for success in a multidisciplinary intervention initiated in a day hospital.
Key wordsFall mulitdisciplinary intervention observational study
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