The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 743–748 | Cite as

The protective effect of calcium on bone mass in postmenopausal women with high selenium intake

  • J. D. Pedrera-Zamorano
  • J. F. Calderon-García
  • R. Roncero-Martin
  • P. Mañas-Nuñez
  • J. M. Moran
  • J. M. Lavado-Garcia
Article

Abstract

Objective

Nutritional factors, especially the two essential nutrients calcium and vitamin D, have been shown to play an important role in bone health. We wanted to determine the possible protective effect of calcium intake in adequate amounts on bone mass as assessed by quantitative ultrasound in postmenopausal women who also have a high intake of selenium.

Setting

Health district of Cáceres, Spain.

Participants and Study Design

335 postmenopausal women aged 60.9 (SD = 8.1) years. Women were stratified based on the vitamin D, vitamin E, calcium intake and the calcium/protein and calcium/phosphorous index.

Measurements

Bone status (Ad-SoS measured at the phalanges) was assessed with an ultrasound device model DBM Sonic 1200R. Food intake was quantified using dietetic scales, measuring cups, and spoons based on 7 days of diet records. Urine samples were collected the morning of testing after an overnight fast. Venous blood samples for the hematological and biochemical studies were also obtained in the fasting state.

Results

In the group of women with Ca intake < 800 mg / d we found a significant and negative relationship between Ad-SoS with age (β = −4.020, F = 23.327) and selenium intake (β = −0.419, F = 10.067), as well as a positive relationship with Ca intake (β = 0.104 and F = 7.084) (p <0.0001 in all). In the group of women with Ca intake > 800 mg / d, age has a significant and negative relationship (β = −4.829 and F = 106.745), whereas folic acid intake has a significant and positive relationship (β = 0.047 and F = 5.858) (p <0.0001 in both).

Conclusion

Elevated selenium intake negatively affects bone mass measurements in postmenopausal women over the age of 51 but only if calcium intake is also less than 800 mg / day. When calcium intake is greater than 800 mg/day, selenium did not appear to affect bone mass.

Key words

Ad-SoS ultrasound bone calcium selenium 

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer-Verlag France 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Pedrera-Zamorano
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. F. Calderon-García
    • 1
  • R. Roncero-Martin
    • 1
  • P. Mañas-Nuñez
    • 1
  • J. M. Moran
    • 1
  • J. M. Lavado-Garcia
    • 1
  1. 1.Metabolic Bone Diseases Research GroupUniversity of Extremadura, Nursing SchoolCaceresSpain
  2. 2.GIEMO, Department of NursingUniversity of ExtremaduraCáceresSpain

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