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The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 462–467 | Cite as

Assessment and management of patients with cognitive impairment and dementia in primary care

  • Joël Belmin
  • L. Min
  • C. Roth
  • D. Reuben
  • N. Wenger
Article

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate care provided by primary care physicians in community practice to older patients presenting with cognitive impairment and dementia.

Design

Secondary analysis of an intervention study.

Setting

Primary care clinics.

Participants

101 patients 75 years and older enrolled in the ACOVE-2 study who presented with a new cognitive problem, new dementia, or prevalent dementia.

Measurements

Patients assessment and management were evaluated from medical record review and caregiver interviews.

Results

Among 34 patients presenting with a new cognitive problem, half received a cognitive assessment comprising of a test of memory and one other cognitive task, 41% were screened for depression and 29% were referred to a consultant. Of the 27 patients with newly diagnosed dementia, 15% received the components of a basic neurological examination, one-fifth received basic laboratory testing and for one third the medical record reflected an attempt to classify the type of dementia. Counseling was under-reported in the medical record compared to the caregiver interview for the 101 patients with dementia, but even the interview revealed that about half or fewer patients received counseling about safety and accident prevention, caregiver support or managing conflicts. Less than 10% were referred to a social worker.

Conclusion

This small but detailed evaluation suggests patients presenting with cognitive problems to primary care physicians do not consistently receive basic diagnosis and management.

Key words

Primary care dementia cognitive impairment 

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer Verlag France 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joël Belmin
    • 1
    • 5
  • L. Min
    • 2
  • C. Roth
    • 3
  • D. Reuben
    • 2
  • N. Wenger
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of GeriatricsHôpital Charles Foix et Université UPMC-Paris 6Ivry-sur-SeineFrance
  2. 2.Division of Geriatrics, David Geffen School of MedicineUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.RAND HealthSanta MonicaUSA
  4. 4.Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of MedicineUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Department of GeriatricsHôpital Charles Foix et Université UPMC-Paris 6Ivry-sur-SeineFrance

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