The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 259–264 | Cite as

Ten-year trends in dietary intake, health status and mortality rates in free-living elderly people

  • E. D. Toffanello
  • E. M. Inelmen
  • N. Minicuci
  • F. Campigotto
  • Giuseppe Sergi
  • A. Coin
  • F. Miotto
  • G. Enzi
  • E. Manzato
Article

Abstract

Objective

To explore the trends of food preferences and nutrient intake over a 10-year follow-up in a group of successfully aging elderly.

Design

Longitudinal study.

Setting

City of Padua, Italy.

Participants

Randomly stratified sample of 97 men and 94 women born between 1913 and 1918.

Measurements

The study involved a dietary assessment conducted in 1988/89 and repeated in 1999. Data were collected by means of a modified validated dietary history.

Results

Nutrient and energy intake remained fairly stable over a decade, despite changes in eating habits, with a higher intake of sweets and a lower consumption of soft drinks in both genders. All individuals significantly increased their daily intake of water.

Conclusion

Despite changes in eating habits, no significant decline in total energy and macronutrient intake was recorded in a decade in our elderly. The increased daily consumption of water and decreased use of soft drinks would suggest that these people were still receptive to nutritional advice even in very old age, while the increase in their sweet-eating might be because aging itself increases a person’s sweet tooth, and this could be regarded as an age-related effect on dietary habits.

Key words

Nutrition dietary intake health elderly 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Keller HH. Promoting food intake in older adults living in the community: a review. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2007; 32: 991–1000.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Drewnoski A, Evans WJ. Nutrition, physical activity, and quality of life in older adults: summary. J Gerontol Ser A 2001; 56A: 89–94.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Payette H. Nutrition as a determinant of functional autonomy and quality of life in aging: a research program. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 2005; 83: 1061–1070.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Payette H, Shatenstein B. Determinants of healthy eating in community-dwelling elderly people. Can J Public Health 2005; 96: S27–S31.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Callen B, Wells TJ. Views of community-dwelling, old-old people on barriers and aids to nutritional health. J Nurs Schol 2003; 35: 257–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Inelmen EM, Sergi G, Toffanello ED et al. New approach to gerontology: building up “successful aging” conditions. Aging Clin Exp Research 2007; 2:160–164.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fernyhough LK, Horwath CC, Campbell AJ et al. Changes in dietary intake during a 6-year follow-up of an older population. Eur J Clin Nutr 1999; 53: 216–225.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wahlqvist ML, Davies L, Hsu-Hage BH-H et al. Food habits in later life: a crosscultural study. Melbourne: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition and United Nations University (CD-ROM edition).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moreiras-Varela O, van Staveren WA, Amorim Cruz JA et al. Longitudinal changes in intake of energy and macronutrients of elderly Europeans. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996;50(Suppl. 2): S47–S55.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Amorim Cruz JA, Moreiras-Varela O, Brzozowska A. Longitudinal changes in the intake of vitamins and minerals of elderly Europeans. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996; 50: S77–S85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jungjohann SM, Lührmann PM, Bender R, Blettner M & Neuhäuser-Berthold M. Eight-year trends in food, energy and macronutrient intake in a sample of elderly German subjects. Br J Nutr 2005; 93: 361–368.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nydahl M, Andersson J, Sidenvall B et al. Food and nutrient intake in a group of selfmanaging elderly Swedish women. JNHA 2003; 7:67–73.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    de Groot LCPGM, van Staveren WA. Nutrition and the Elderly: Manual of Operations, Euronut Report 11, Wageningen, Netherlands, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Carnovale E, Miuccio FC. Tabelle di coms posizione degli alimenti. Rome: Ministry of Agriculture and National Institute of Nutrition. 1989.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kohlmeier L, Pootvliet EJ. Eurocode 2 Food Coding System, version 92/1. Berlin: Institute for Social Medicine and Epidemiology, 1992.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nes M, van Staveren WA, Zajkas G, Inelmen EM, Moreiras O. Euronut SENECA study on nutrition and the elderly. Validity of the dietary history method in elderly subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 1991; 45(Suppl. 3): S97–S104.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    van Staveren WA, Burema J, Livingstone MBE, Kaaks R, van de Broek T. Evaluation of the dietary history method used in the SENECA study. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996; 50(Suppl. 2): S4–S8.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Katz S, Downs TD, Cash HR, Grotz RC. Progress in development of the index of ADL. Gerontologist 1970; 10: 20–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Trichopoulou A, Vassilakou T. Recommended dietary intakes in Europe. Eur J Clin Nutr 1990; 44(Suppl 2): S51–S100.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    van’t Hof MA, Burema J. Assessment of bias in the SENECA study. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996; 50(Suppl 2): S4–S8.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sergi G, Perissinotto E, Pisent C et al. An adequate threshold for body mass index to detect underweight condition in elderly persons: the Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging (ILSA). J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2005; 7: 866–871.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Willett CW, Sacks F, Trichopoulou A et al. Mediterranean diet pyramid: a cultural model for healthy eating. Am J Clin Nutr 1995; 61(6 Suppl): S1402–S1406.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Naska A, Fouskakis D, Oikonomou E et al. Dietary patterns and their sociodemographic determinants in 10 European countries: data from the DAFNE databank. Eur J Clin Nutr 2006; 60: 181–190.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bamia C, Orfanos P, Ferrari P et al. Dietary patterns among older Europeans: the EPIC-Elderly study. Brit J Nutr 2005; 94: 100–113.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Suzuki S, Kawado M, Hashimoto S et al. Change in food intake frequency at five years after baseline in the JACC study. J Epidemiol 2005; 15(Suppl 1): S48–S55.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Corrêa Leite ML, Nicolosi A, Cristina S et al. Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: II. Nutritional profiles associated with food behaviours. Eur J Clin Nutr 2 2003; 57: 1522–1529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Haveman-Nies A, de Groot LC, van Staveren WA. Fluid intake of elderly Europeans. JNHA 1997; 1: 151–155.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Moreiras-Varela O, van Staveren WA, Amorim Cruz JA et al. Longitudinal changes in intake of energy and macronutrients of elderly Europeans. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996;50(Suppl. 2): S47–S55.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hallfrisch J, Muller D, Drinkwater T, Tobin J, Andres R. Continuing diet trends in men: the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging. J Gerontol 1990; 45: M186–M191.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wakimoto P, Block G. Dietary intake, dietary patterns, and changes with age: an epidemiological perspective. J Gerontol 2001; 56A: 65–80.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Nicolas AS, Faisant C, Lanzmann-Petithory D, Tome D, Vellas B. The nutritional intake of free-living healthy French population: a four year follow-up. JNHA 2000; 4: 77–80.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Dunmeyer Stookey J, Pieper CF, Cohen HJ. Is the prevalence of dehydration among community-dwelling older adults really low? Informing current debate over the fluid recommendation for adults aged 70+years. Pub Health Nutr 2005; 8:1275–1285.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kenny WL, Chiu P. Influence of age on thirst and fluid intake. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33: 1524–1532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Volkert D, Kreuel K, Stehle P. Fluid intake of community-dwelling elderly in Germany-a nationwide, representative study JNHA 2005; 9:305–309.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Volkert D, Kreuel K, Stehle P. “Nutrition beyond 65″-amount of usual drinking fluid and motivation to drink are interrelated in community-living, independent elderly people Z Gerontol Geriatr 2004; 37: 436–443.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kleiner SM. Water, an essential but overlooked nutrient. J Am Diet Assoc 1999; 99: 200–206.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    van Staveren WA, de Groot LCPGM & Haveman-Nies A. The SENECA study: potentials and problems in relating diet to survival over 10 years. Public Health Nutr 2002; 5: 901–905.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer Verlag France 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. D. Toffanello
    • 1
  • E. M. Inelmen
    • 1
  • N. Minicuci
    • 2
  • F. Campigotto
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Sergi
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. Coin
    • 1
  • F. Miotto
    • 1
  • G. Enzi
    • 1
  • E. Manzato
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Division of GeriatricsUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly
  2. 2.National Research Council, Institute of NeurosciencePadua SectionPaduaItaly
  3. 3.Clinica Geriatrica — Ospedale Giustinianeo (2° piano)PadovaItaly

Personalised recommendations