Validation of the Mini Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA®-SF): A practical tool for identification of nutritional status

  • M. J. Kaiser
  • J. M. Bauer
  • C. Ramsch
  • W. Uter
  • Y. Guigoz
  • T. Cederholm
  • D. R. Thomas
  • P. Anthony
  • K. E. Charlton
  • M. Maggio
  • A. C. Tsai
  • D. Grathwohl
  • B. Vellas
  • C. C. Sieber
  • MNA-International Group
Validation of the Mini Nutritional Assessment® Short-Form (MNA-SF)

Abstract

Objective

To validate a revision of the Mini Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA®-SF) against the full MNA, a standard tool for nutritional evaluation.

Methods

A literature search identified studies that used the MNA for nutritional screening in geriatric patients. The contacted authors submitted original datasets that were merged into a single database. Various combinations of the questions on the current MNA-SF were tested using this database through combination analysis and ROC based derivation of classification thresholds.

Results

Twenty-seven datasets (n=6257 participants) were initially processed from which twelve were used in the current analysis on a sample of 2032 study participants (mean age 82.3y) with complete information on all MNA items. The original MNA-SF was a combination of six questions from the full MNA. A revised MNA-SF included calf circumference (CC) substituted for BMI performed equally well. A revised three-category scoring classification for this revised MNA-SF, using BMI and/or CC, had good sensitivity compared to the full MNA.

Conclusion

The newly revised MNA-SF is a valid nutritional screening tool applicable to geriatric health care professionals with the option of using CC when BMI cannot be calculated. This revised MNA-SF increases the applicability of this rapid screening tool in clinical practice through the inclusion of a “malnourished” category.

Key words

Mini Nutritional Assessment short-form weight body mass index calf circumference elderly 

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer Verlag France 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Kaiser
    • 1
  • J. M. Bauer
    • 1
  • C. Ramsch
    • 2
  • W. Uter
    • 2
  • Y. Guigoz
    • 3
  • T. Cederholm
    • 4
  • D. R. Thomas
    • 5
  • P. Anthony
    • 3
  • K. E. Charlton
    • 6
  • M. Maggio
    • 7
  • A. C. Tsai
    • 8
  • D. Grathwohl
    • 9
  • B. Vellas
    • 10
  • C. C. Sieber
    • 1
  • MNA-International Group
  1. 1.Institute for the Biomedicine of AgingFriedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-NürnbergNurembergGermany
  2. 2.Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and EpidemiologyFriedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany
  3. 3.Nestlé Nutrition/HealthCare NutritionGlandSwitzerland
  4. 4.Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring SciencesUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  5. 5.Division of Geriatric MedicineSaint Louis University Health Sciences CenterSaint LouisUSA
  6. 6.School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Behavioural SciencesUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia
  7. 7.Department of Internal Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Section of GeriatricsUniversity Hospital of ParmaParmaItaly
  8. 8.Graduate Institute of Long-Term Care, Department of Healthcare AdministrationAsia UniversityWufeng, TaichungTaiwan, ROC
  9. 9.Nestlé Research Center, Vers-chez-les-BlancsLausanne 26Switzerland
  10. 10.Department of Geriatrics, INSERM U 558Toulouse University Hospital CenterToulouseFrance

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