Probiotic Intake Increases the Expression of Vitellogenin Genes in Laying Hens

  • Maria S. Mazanko
  • Maksim S. MakarenkoEmail author
  • Vladimir A. Chistyakov
  • Alexander V. Usatov
  • Evgeniya V. Prazdnova
  • Anzhelika B. Bren
  • Ivan F. Gorlov
  • Zoya B. Komarova
  • Richard Weeks
  • Michael L. Chikindas


A promising approach for slowing down the rate of reproductive aging is the use of probiotic bacteria as a feed additive. In the current study was investigated the influence of the intake of a potential probiotic on the follicle content and expression of vitellogenin genes (vtg1, vtg2, vtg3) in aged hens. RNA was isolated from liver samples collected from 570-day-old laying hens and gene expression levels were measured using RT-PCR. Bacillus subtilis KATMIRA1933 supplementation had a positive effect on the number of formed follicles in hens and also triggered a significant increase in the relative expression levels of vtg1, vtg2, and vtg3. A Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B-1895 enriched diet or a combination of the two strains had a modest effect on both the number of follicles and the expression of vitellogenin genes. Additionally, the study demonstrates that vitellogenin mRNA expression levels can be considered as a biomarker in a convenient approach for analyzing the hen’s egg-laying ability.


Poultry Vitellogenin vtg Reproductive aging Probiotic supplementation Bacillus 


Funding Information

This study was supported by the grant from the Russian Science Foundation RSF No.16-16-04032.

Compliance with Ethical Standards


This article is original and contains unpublished materials. The corresponding author confirms that all of the other authors have read and approved the manuscript and no ethical issues involved.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria S. Mazanko
    • 1
  • Maksim S. Makarenko
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vladimir A. Chistyakov
    • 1
  • Alexander V. Usatov
    • 1
  • Evgeniya V. Prazdnova
    • 1
  • Anzhelika B. Bren
    • 1
  • Ivan F. Gorlov
    • 2
  • Zoya B. Komarova
    • 2
  • Richard Weeks
    • 3
  • Michael L. Chikindas
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Povolzhsky Research Institute of Meat and Dairy Industry Production and ProcessingVolgogradRussia
  3. 3.Health Promoting Naturals Laboratory, School of Environmental and Biological SciencesRutgers State UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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