Evaluation of an Industrial Soybean Byproduct for the Potential Development of a Probiotic Animal Feed Additive with Bacillus Species

  • Rachel Mahoney
  • Richard Weeks
  • Ting Zheng
  • Qingrong Huang
  • Weijie Dai
  • Yong Cao
  • Guo Liu
  • Yongjing Guo
  • Vladimir Chistyakov
  • Michael L. ChikindasEmail author


Probiotics are gaining public attention for their application in animal husbandry due to their ability to promote growth and prevent infections. Bacillus subtilis KATMIRA1933 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B-1895 are two spore-forming probiotic microorganisms that have been demonstrated to provide health benefits for poultry when supplemented into their diet. These strains can be propagated on a wide range of substrates, including soybean-derived byproducts from the food processing industry. Soybean-derived byproducts are often incorporated into animal feeds, but the value of an additive could potentially be increased by the addition of probiotic microorganisms, which may decrease production costs and reduce environmental impact. In this study, a soybean byproduct and a desalted version of this byproduct were evaluated as potential substrates for the growth of two probiotic bacilli species. Chemical analysis of these byproducts showed favorable carbohydrate, fat, and amino acid profiles, which were not affected by the desalting process. The desalted byproduct was further evaluated as a substrate for the growth of B. subtilis KATMIRA1933 and B. amyloliquefaciens B-1895 under solid-state conditions, and samples from this experiment were visualized by scanning electron microscopy. The results of this study indicate that the desalted soybean byproduct is a suitable substrate for the propagation of the two Bacillus species, which grew to numbers sufficient for the formulation of a probiotic animal feed additive.


Probiotics Bacillus Solid-state fermentation Desalted soybean byproduct Valorization 


Funding information

VC was supported in full and MC was supported in part by the Ministry of Science of the Russian Federation (Project Number 19.6015.2017/8.9).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12602_2019_9619_MOESM1_ESM.doc (72 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 72 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Promoting Naturals Laboratory, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences Rutgers State UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, School of Environmental and Biological SciencesRutgers State UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  3. 3.Department of Food Science, School of Environmental and Biological SciencesRutgers State UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  4. 4.Guangdong Huiertai Biotechnology Co., Ltd.GuangzhouChina
  5. 5.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Nutraceuticals and Functional FoodsSouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouChina
  6. 6.Academy of Biology and BiotechnologySouthern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia

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