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Metal Binding Antimicrobial Peptides in Nanoparticle Bio-functionalization: New Heights in Drug Delivery and Therapy

  • Hichem MoulahoumEmail author
  • Faezeh Ghorbani Zamani
  • Suna Timur
  • Figen ZihniogluEmail author
Article

Abstract

Peptides are considered very important due to the diversity expressed through their amino acid sequence, structure variation, large spectrum, and their essential role in biological systems. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) emerged as a potent tool in therapy owing to their antimicrobial properties but also their ability to trespass the membranes, specificity, and low toxicity. They comprise a variety of peptides from which specific amino acid-rich peptides are of interest to the current review due to their features in metal interaction and cell penetration. Histidine-rich peptides such as Histatins belong to the metal binding salivary residing peptides with efficient antibacterial, antifungal, and wound-healing activities. Furthermore, their ability to activate in acidic environment attracted the attention to their potential in therapy. The current review covers the current knowledge about AMPs and critically assess the potential of associating with metal ions both structurally and functionally. This review provides interesting hints for the advantages provided by AMPs and metal ions in biomedicine, making use of their direct properties in brain diseases therapy or in the creation of new bio-functionalized nanoparticles for cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords

Antimicrobial peptides Metal ions Histidine-rich peptides Histatins Bio-functionalized nanoparticles Brain diseases 

Abbreviations

Amyloid-beta

AD

Alzheimer’s disease

ADP

Antimicrobial database

AMPs

Antimicrobial peptides

APP

Amyloid precursor protein

BioFNPs

Bio-functionalized nanoparticles

CPPs

Cell-penetrating peptides

CPT

Camptothecin

DDSs

Drug-delivery systems

FNPs

Functionalized NPs

his1 (or htn1)

Histatin gene 1

his2 (or htn2)

Histatin gene 2

HSTs

Histatins

MPACs

Metal-peptide attenuating compounds

NiSOD

Nickel-superoxide dismutase

NPs

Nanoparticles

PPT

Podophyllotoxin

PTX

Paclitaxel

SAARPs

Specific amino acid-rich peptides

TBI

Traumatic brain injury

Xaa

Random amino acid

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biochemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceEge UniversityBornovaTurkey

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