Optimization of Culture Conditions for Mass Production of the Probiotics Pseudomonas MCCB 102 and 103 Antagonistic to Pathogenic Vibrios in Aquaculture
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Rapid growth of shrimp farming industry is affected by the recurrence of diverse diseases, among which vibriosis is predominant. Eco-friendly disease management strategy by the application of antagonistic probiotics is widely accepted. In the present study, culture conditions of antagonistic probiotics, Pseudomonas MCCB 102 and 103, were optimized to enhance their biomass production and antagonistic activity against the shrimp pathogen V. harveyi MCCB 111. Primarily, one-dimensional screening was carried out to fix the optimum range of sodium chloride concentration, pH and temperature. The second step optimization was done using a full-factorial central composite design of response surface methodology. As per the model, 12.9 g/L sodium chloride and pH 6.5 for Pseudomonas MCCB 102, and 5 g/L sodium chloride and pH 7 for Pseudomonas MCCB 103 were found to be ideal to maximize antagonistic activity. However, optimum temperature was the same (25 °C) for both isolates. Finally, the models were experimentally validated for enhanced biomass production and antagonistic activity. The optima for biomass and antagonistic activity were more or less the same, suggesting the possible influence of biomass on antagonistic activity.
KeywordsProbiotic Pseudomonas Antagonistic activity Vibrios Response surface methodology Central composite design
This research was supported by Department of Ocean Development (DOD), Government of India [DOD/11/MRDF/4/3/UNI/97 (p-8)]. The first author thanks DOD for Fellowship.
Conflict of interest
R. Preetha, K.K. Vijayan, N.S. Jayapraksh, S.V. Alavandi, T.C. Santiago and I.S. Bright Singh declare that they have no conflict of interests.
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