Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 699–706 | Cite as

Monthly Geographical Distribution of Nemopilema nomurai (Scyphozoa: Rhizosotomeae) in the Bohai and North Yellow Seas: a Preliminary Study using Ships of Opportunity

  • Wonduk YoonEmail author
  • Kiyeon Hahn
  • Jing Dong
  • Jinho Chae


Nemopilema nomurai, an endemic and blooming jellyfish species in the waters of Korea, China and Japan, were monitored from June to October, 2017, in the Bohai and northwestern Yellow Seas, using the ship sighting method, as a preliminary study to investigate the spatiotemporal distribution of medusae. Monitoring revealed that the mass appearance of young medusae was observed in Liaodong Bay in summer. In late summer they disappeared and a high density zone shifted to the mid- and northern Bohai Strait. In early fall, healthy adults with relatively high density were observed in the area around the border of the South and North Yellow Seas. These results suggest that medusae of N. nomurai originated from the Bohai Sea and were advected into the Yellow Sea through the Bohai Strait.


Nemopilema nomurai distribution Bohai Sea Yellow Sea sighting method 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beardsley RC, Limeburner R, Kim K, Candela J (1992) Lagrangian flow observations in the East China, Yellow and Japan Seas. La Mer 30:297–314Google Scholar
  2. Bian CW, Jiang WS, Pohlmann T, Sündermann J (2016) Hydrographyphysical description of the Bohai Sea. J Coastal Res SI 74:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang SJ (2018) Diversity of the jellyfish in orders Semaeostomeae and Rhizostomeae in Korean Waters. Ph.D. Thesis, Pukyong National University, 146 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen CTA (2009) Chemical and physical fronts in the Bohai, Yellow and East China seas. J Marine Syst 78:394–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cheng P, Gao S, Bokuniewicz H (2004) Net sediment transport patterns over the Bohai Strait based on grain size trend analysis. Estuar Coast Shelf S 60:203–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dong J, Wang B, Duan Y, Yoon WD, Wang A, Liu X, Li Y, Sun M, Chai Y (2018) Initial occurrence, ontogenic distributionshifts and advection of Nemopilema nomurai (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae) in Liaodong Bay, China, from 2005−2015. Mar Ecol-Prog Ser 591:185–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guan BX (1994) Patterns and structures of the currents in Bohai, Huanghai and East China Sea. In: Zhou D, Liang YB, Tseng CK (eds) Oceanology of China Sea. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 17–26Google Scholar
  8. Huang D, Su J, Backhaus JO (1999) Modelling the seasonal thermal stratification and baroclinic circulation in the Bohai Sea. Cont Shelf Res 19:1485–1505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Huang G, Chen Y, Tian C, Tang J, Zhang H, Luo Y, Li J, Zhang G (2016) Spatial distributions and seasonal variations of dissolved black carbon in the Bohai Sea, China. J Coastal Res SI 74:214–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hwang JH, Van SP, Choi BJ, Chang YS, Kim YH (2014) The physical processes in the Yellow Sea. Ocean Coast Manage 102:449–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kawahara M, Uye SI, Ohtsu K, Iizumi H (2006) Unusual population explosion of the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae) in East Asian waters. Mar Ecol-Prog Ser 307:161–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lie HJ, Cho CH, Lee JH, Lee S, Tang Y (2000) Seasonal variation of the Cheju Warm Current in the Northern East China Sea. J Oceanogr 56:197–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lin S, Zou T, Gao H, Guo X (2009) The vertical attenuation of irradiance as a function of turbidity: a case of the Huanghai (Yellow) Sea in spring. Acta Oceanol Sin 28:66–75Google Scholar
  14. Liu D, Liu L, Di B, Wang Y, Wang Y (2015) Paleoenvironmental analyses of surface sediments from the Bohai Sea, China, using diatoms and silicoflagellates. Mar Micropaleontol 114:46–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Moon JH, Hirose N, Yoon JH (2009) Comparison of wind and tidal contributions to seasonal circulation of the Yellow Sea. J Geophys Res 114:C08016. doi:10.1029/2009JC005314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Naimie CE, Blain CA, Lynch DR (2001) Seasonal mean circulation in the Yellow Sea-a model-generated climatology. Cont Shelf Res 21:667–695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pan YQ, Su JL, Xu DR (1991) The formation and evolution of the East China Sea winter dense water. Acta Oceanol Sin 10:525–538Google Scholar
  18. Sun S, Zhang F, Li C, Wang S, Wang M, Tao Z, Wang Y, Zhang G, Sun X (2015) Breeding places, population dynamics, and distribution of the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae) in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea. Hydrobiologia 754:59–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Takao M, Ikeda H, Uye Si (2012) Spatio-temporal distribution of the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai in East Asian Waters by sighting survey from ferry in 2012. In: The 9th Korea-Japan-China Jellyfish International Workshop, Dec 2012, Japan, pp 14–15Google Scholar
  20. Toyokawa M, Shibata M, Cheng JH, Li HY, Ling JJ, Lin N, Liu ZL, Zhang Y, Shimizu M, Akiyama H (2012) First record of wild ephyrae of the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai. Fish Sci 78:1213–1218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Uye SI (2008) Blooms of the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai: a threat to the fisheries sustainability of the East Asian Marginal Seas. Plank Benthos Res 3(Suppl):125–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Uye Si, Ikeda H, Takao M, Okawachi H, Yoshida A (2010) Spatiotemporal distribution of the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai in East Asian Waters by sighting survey from ferry in 2010. In: The 7th Korea-Japan-China Jellyfish International Workshop, Dec 2010, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  23. Xia C, Qiao F, Yang Y, Ma J, Yuan Y (2006) Three-dimensional structure of the summertime circulation in the Yellow Sea from a wave-tide-circulation coupled model. J Geophys Res 111:C11S03. doi:10.1029/2005JC003218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang AM, Wang HJ, Bi NS, Wu X (2016) Sediment transport and dispersal pattern from the Bohai Sea to the Yellow Sea. J Coastal Res SI 74:104–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang B, Qin Y, Dong J, Li Y, Wang W, Li Y, Sun M, Liu C (2013) Dynamic distribution of Nemopilema nomurai in inshore waters of the northern Liaodong Bay, Bohai Sea. Acta Ecol Sin 33(6):1701–1712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yanagi T, Takahashi S (1993) Seasonal variation of circulations in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. J Oceanogr 49:503–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yao Z, Shi X, Li X, Liu Y, Liu J, Qiao S, Bai Y, Wang X, Zhu A, Wang X (2016) Sedimentary environment and paleo-tidal evolution of the eastern Bohai Sea, China since the last glaciation. Quatern Int 440:129–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yoon WD, Yang JY, Shim MB, Kang HK (2008) Physical processes influencing the occurrence of the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae) around Jeju Island, Korea. J Plankton Res 30(3):251–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yoon WD, Lee HE, Han C, Chang SJ, Lee K (2014) Abundance and distribution of Nemopilema nomurai (Scyphozoa, Rhizostomeae) in Korean waters in 2005–2013. Ocean Sci J 49(3):183–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zeng X, He R, Xue Z, Wang H, Wang Y, Yao Z, Guan W, Warrillow J (2015) River-derived sediment suspension and transport in the Bohai, Yellow, and East China Seas: a preliminary modeling study. Cont Shelf Res 111:112–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zhang F, Mao H, Leng Y (1987) Analysis of drift bottle and drift card experiments in Bohai Sea and Huanghai Sea (1975–80). Chin J Oceanol Limn 5(1):67–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhang F, Sun S, Jin X, Li C (2012) Associations of large jellyfish distributions with temperature and salinity in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. Hydrobiologia 690:81–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhao BR, Zhuang GW, Cao DM, Lei FH (1995) Circulation, tidal residual currents and their effects on the sedimentations in the Bohai Sea. Oceanol Limnol Sin 26:466–473 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wonduk Yoon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kiyeon Hahn
    • 2
  • Jing Dong
    • 3
  • Jinho Chae
    • 2
  1. 1.Human and Marine Ecosystem Research LaboratoryGunpoKorea
  2. 2.Marine Environmental Research and Information LaboratoryGunpoKorea
  3. 3.Liaoning Ocean and Fisheries Science Research Institute, Key Laboratory of Marine Biological Resources and EcologyLiaoning Province, DalianChina

Personalised recommendations