Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 43–57 | Cite as

High mortality and poor growth of green mussels, Perna viridis, in high chlorophyll-a environment

  • Tan Kar Soon
  • Delta Jenetty Denil
  • Julian Ransangan


The current study was carried out from May 2014 to April 2015 to estimate the stock status of P. viridis in Marudu Bay. The gonad development was monitored by histological examination, while the population parameters including asymptotic length (L ), growth coefficient (K), mortality rate (Z, F and M), exploitation level (E) and recruitment of P. viridis were estimated using the lengthfrequency data. Results of the current study demonstrated that P. viridis in Marudu Bay spawned throughout the year with two major peaks, one in April to May and another one in October to December. The recruitment pattern was continuous with the peak in May to June 2014, which corresponded to the first spawning peak in April. However, no significant recruitment was observed from the second spawning peak due to the difference in spawning timing between male and female populations. The estimated asymptotic length (L ), growth coefficient (K), total mortality (Z), natural mortality (M), fishing mortality (F) and growth performance (ф) of P. viridis in Marudu Bay were estimate to be 117 mm, 0.97 yr-1, 4.39 yr-1, 1.23 yr-1, 3.16 yr-1 and 4.123, respectively. The exponent b of the lengthweight relationship was 2.4 and exploitation level (E) was 0.72. The high mortality, low condition indices and negative allometric of P. viridis in Marudu Bay is caused by a lack of suitable food in the surrounding water.


reproduction condition index population parameters Perna viridis Marudu Bay 


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Copyright information

© Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tan Kar Soon
    • 1
  • Delta Jenetty Denil
    • 1
  • Julian Ransangan
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbiology and Fish Disease Laboratory, Borneo Marine Research InstituteUniversity Malaysia SabahKota KinabaluMalaysia

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