Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 353–369 | Cite as

Development of the Operational Oceanographic System of Korea

  • Kwang-Soon Park
  • Ki-Young Heo
  • Kicheon Jun
  • Jae-Il Kwon
  • Jinah Kim
  • Jin-Yong Choi
  • Kyoung-Ho Cho
  • Byoung-Ju Choi
  • Seung-Nam Seo
  • Young Ho Kim
  • Sung-Dae Kim
  • Chan-Su Yang
  • Jong-Chan Lee
  • Sang-Ik Kim
  • Seonjeong Kim
  • Jung-Woon Choi
  • Sang-Hun Jeong
Article

Abstract

The Korea Operational Oceanographic System (KOOS) was developed at the Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST) to produce real-time forecasting and simulation of interdisciplinary multi-scale oceanic fields. This offers valuable information to better mitigate coastal disasters, such as oil spills and other marine accidents, and provides the necessary ocean predictions to support the marine activities of government agencies, marine industries, and public users. The KOOS became operational in March 2012, and consists of several operational modules and realtime observations, including satellite remote sensing, coastal remote monitoring stations using high-frequency radar, and ocean observatories. The basic forecasting system includes weather, regional and high-resolution coastal circulation and wave prediction models; the practical application system includes storm surges, oil spills, and search and rescue prediction models. An integrated maritime port prediction system and data information and skill assessment systems are also part of the KOOS. In this work, the performance of the numerical models was evaluated by the skill assessment systems. From the monthly and yearly skill assessments, the models showed reasonable skill in predicting atmospheric and oceanic states except for the regional ocean circulation models. The ongoing development and improvement of the KOOS includes improvement of the model skills through the upgrade of the satellite-based sea surface temperature algorithm, the enhancement of the ocean monitoring ability, the upgrade of the forecasting models for higher spatial resolutions and the application of data assimilation techniques improved with the feedback from the skill assessment report.

Key words

Korea Operational Oceanographic System (KOOS) real-time forecasting coastal disaster multi-scale oceanic fields 

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Copyright information

© Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kwang-Soon Park
    • 1
  • Ki-Young Heo
    • 1
  • Kicheon Jun
    • 1
  • Jae-Il Kwon
    • 2
  • Jinah Kim
    • 1
  • Jin-Yong Choi
    • 1
  • Kyoung-Ho Cho
    • 3
  • Byoung-Ju Choi
    • 4
  • Seung-Nam Seo
    • 5
  • Young Ho Kim
    • 6
  • Sung-Dae Kim
    • 7
  • Chan-Su Yang
    • 8
  • Jong-Chan Lee
    • 1
  • Sang-Ik Kim
    • 1
  • Seonjeong Kim
    • 1
  • Jung-Woon Choi
    • 1
  • Sang-Hun Jeong
    • 1
  1. 1.Coastal Disaster Research CenterKIOSTAnsanKorea
  2. 2.China-Korea Joint Ocean Research CenterKIOSTQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Korea Polar Research InstituteKIOSTIncheonKorea
  4. 4.Department of Oceanography, College of Ocean Science & TechnologyKunsan National UniversityGunsanKorea
  5. 5.Coastal & Environmental Engineering DivisionKIOSTAnsanKorea
  6. 6.Physical Oceanography DivisionKIOSTAnsanKorea
  7. 7.KIOST-NOAA Lab.KIOST, Silver SpringWashington DCUSA
  8. 8.Korea Ocean Satellite Research CenterKIOSTAnsanKorea

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