Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 49–57 | Cite as

Upwelling variability along the southern coast of Bali and in Nusa Tenggara waters

  • Nining Sari Ningsih
  • Noviani Rakhmaputeri
  • Agung B. Harto


Spatial and temporal variation of upwelling along the southern coast of Bali and in the Nusa Tenggara waters — Indonesia was studied by using satellite image data of sea surface temperatures and chlorophyll-a from September 1997 to December 2008. This study clearly reveals annual upwelling in the regions from June to October, associated with the southeast monsoon cycle, with the sea surface temperature (chlorophyll-a concentration) being colder (higher) than that during the northwest monsoon. In addition, this study also shows that the upwelling strength is controlled remotely by ENSO and IOD climate phenomena. During El Niño/positive IOD (La Niña/negative IOD) periods, the Bali — Nusa Tenggara upwelling strength increases (decreases).

Key words

upwelling monsoon ENSO IOD Bali-Nusa Tenggara 


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Copyright information

© Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nining Sari Ningsih
    • 1
  • Noviani Rakhmaputeri
    • 2
  • Agung B. Harto
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Group of Oceanography, Faculty of Earth Sciences and TechnologyBandung Institute of Technology (ITB)BandungIndonesia
  2. 2.United Surveyors Pte Ltd.SingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Research Group of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and TechnologyBandung Institute of Technology (ITB)BandungIndonesia

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