Upwelling variability along the southern coast of Bali and in Nusa Tenggara waters
- First Online:
Spatial and temporal variation of upwelling along the southern coast of Bali and in the Nusa Tenggara waters — Indonesia was studied by using satellite image data of sea surface temperatures and chlorophyll-a from September 1997 to December 2008. This study clearly reveals annual upwelling in the regions from June to October, associated with the southeast monsoon cycle, with the sea surface temperature (chlorophyll-a concentration) being colder (higher) than that during the northwest monsoon. In addition, this study also shows that the upwelling strength is controlled remotely by ENSO and IOD climate phenomena. During El Niño/positive IOD (La Niña/negative IOD) periods, the Bali — Nusa Tenggara upwelling strength increases (decreases).
Key wordsupwelling monsoon ENSO IOD Bali-Nusa Tenggara
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Kahn B, Subijanto J (2009) Managing whale’ hot spots’ while protecting fisheries. http://www2.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/05/14/managing-whale-hot-spots039-while-protectingfisheries.html Accessed 24 Dec 2012Google Scholar
- Lubbock TX Weather Forecast Office (2011) What is La Niña and what does it mean for West Texas? http://www.srh.noaa.gov/lub/?n=news-20101015-lanina Accessed 5 Feb 2012Google Scholar
- Moore TS II, Marra J (2002) Satellite observations of bloom events in the Strait of Ombai: Relationships to monsoons and ENSO. Geochem Geophy Geosy 3(2). doi:10.1029/2001GC000174Google Scholar
- Ningsih NS, Hadi S, Yusuf M (2002) Upwelling in the southern coast of Java and its relation to seasonal ocean circulation by using a three-dimensional ocean model. In: Proceedings of the Pan Ocean Remote Sensing Conference (PORSEC), Bali, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
- Purba M (1995) Upwelling in the water south of West Java and its application for fisheries. In: Proceedings of International Workshop on the throughflow studies in and around Indonesian Waters, BPPT, JAMSTEC, and STA, Jakarta, October 10–12, pp 37–48Google Scholar
- Saji NH, Goswani BN, Vinayachandran PN, Yamagata T (1999) A dipole mode in the tropical Indian Ocean. Nature 401:360–363Google Scholar
- Siswanto, Suratno (2008) Seasonal pattern of wind induced upwelling over Java — Bali Sea waters and surrounding area. Int J Remote Sens Earth Sci 5:46–56Google Scholar
- Sitepu MJ, Dahuri R (1995) Environmental variability affecting marine fish resources with-special reference to Indonesian marine waters. In: Proceedings of International workshop on the throughflow studies in and around Indonesian waters. BPPT, JAMSTEC, and STA, Jakarta, October 10–12, pp 80–102Google Scholar