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A simple and low-cost laboratory rearing technique for pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Suanders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechidae) using detached green bolls of cotton

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Abstract

A simple and inexpensive method that uses freshly excised green bolls (~10 d old) of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is developed for laboratory rearing of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders). The adult females of pink bollworm preferred to lay eggs on the bracts and sometimes also on the rind of bolls, either singly or in a group of 2–3 eggs. The larvae fed and pupated within the bolls itself. The developing larvae can be removed at any stage of their development for morphometric studies, conducting bioassays, etc. The newly formed pupae can easily be removed and maintained till adult emergence. The egg hatching and adult emergence were 89.94 ± 3.61% and 92.32 ± 2.34%, respectively with a mean fecundity of 203.73 ± 38.83 per female and a mean generation time of 34.43 ± 0.61 days. All the biological parameters of pink bollworm reared by this method were reasonably comparable with literature reports on its rearing using different natural as well as artificial diets. The insect raised by this method retained its ability to infest field grown cotton. We could successfully raise up to five generations of pink bollworm by this method with the input of one labourer. This method is easily applicable and less expensive, and it would be highly useful in understanding the pink bollworm phenology mediated through alterations and or aberrations in nutritional status of its host crop i.e. cotton.

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Acknowledgements

This study is a part of the research project titled “Investigations into exacerbation of pest status of cotton pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) in the context of climate change through development of phenology model (Project Code- OXX04036)” of the Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-Central Institute for Cotton Research. The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. We are thankful to the Director, ICAR-CICR, Nagpur for providing all the necessary facilities and extending his cooperation and support to carry out present investigations.

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Correspondence to Babasaheb B. Fand.

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Highlights

1. A new method for laboratory rearing of cotton pink bollworm is presented

2. The pink bollworm was successfully reared with stable biological parameters over five generations

3. The proposed method can be useful in the case of various experimental tests in laboratory

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Fand, B.B., Nagrare, V.S., Deshmukh, V. et al. A simple and low-cost laboratory rearing technique for pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Suanders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechidae) using detached green bolls of cotton. Phytoparasitica 48, 25–33 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-019-00779-2

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Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Cotton
  • Green bolls
  • Pink bollworm
  • Rearing technique