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Phytoparasitica

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 693–709 | Cite as

Severe outbreaks of Phytophthora infestans on potato in Turkey caused by recent changes in the pathogen population structure

  • Mehmet Erhan GöreEmail author
  • Nedim Altın
  • Tolga Yaman
  • Kevin Myers
  • Abdurrahman Çağlı
  • David E. L. Cooke
  • Uğur Pırlak
  • Mehtap Alkan
  • Hüseyin Kabakçı
  • Nusret Zencirci
  • William Earl Fry
  • Göksel Özer
Article
  • 72 Downloads

Abstract

Potato late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, has been the most damaging disease in Turkey since 2010. In this study, 127 isolates of P. infestans were obtained from the main growing areas of Turkey between 2015 and 2017. Their phenotypic and genotypic features were revealed and presented with those of reference isolates. These isolates were categorized by their mating type, in vitro mefenoxam sensitivity, mtDNA haplotype, RG57 DNA fingerprinting patterns, simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, and aggressiveness on a set of potato differential lines. All isolates were of the A2 mating type and mtDNA haplotype Ia, were resistant to mefenoxam, and had RG57 and SSR fingerprints similar to the 13_A2 clonal lineage reported in Europe. This is the first report of 13_A2 in Turkey. Virulence abilities against potato resistance (R) genes R1, R2, R3, R4, R6, R7, R10, and R11 were observed in most of the isolates. The mating type ratios and SSR marker analysis indicate that in Turkey, the sexual reproduction of P. infestans is limited. These results underline that the movement of asexual individuals and the generation of sub-clonal difference are the factors driving the population structure of P. infestans in Turkey.

Keywords

Genotype Late blight Mefenoxam resistance Virulence phenotype 

Notes

Authors’ contributions

MEG and WEF designed the study. MEG, NA, GÖ, KM, AÇ, WEF, UP, TY, MA, HK, DELC, and NZ carried out the experiments. MEG, WEF, NA, GÖ, and DELC contributed to the interpretation of the results. MEG took the lead in writing the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Funding information

This research was supported by TUBITAK (grant 116O329).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehmet Erhan Göre
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nedim Altın
    • 2
  • Tolga Yaman
    • 1
  • Kevin Myers
    • 3
  • Abdurrahman Çağlı
    • 4
  • David E. L. Cooke
    • 5
  • Uğur Pırlak
    • 4
  • Mehtap Alkan
    • 1
  • Hüseyin Kabakçı
    • 1
  • Nusret Zencirci
    • 6
  • William Earl Fry
    • 3
  • Göksel Özer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ScienceAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ScienceDüzce UniversityDüzceTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe BiologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  4. 4.Potato Research Institute, General Directorate of Agricultural Research and PoliciesMinistry of Agriculture and ForestryNiğdeTurkey
  5. 5.James Hutton InstituteDundeeUK
  6. 6.Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and ScienceAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey

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