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Resistance monitoring for conventional and new chemistry insecticides on Bemisia tabaci genetic group Asia-I in major vegetable crops from India

  • Debashis RoyEmail author
  • Tridip Bhattacharjee
  • Abhisek Biswas
  • Argha Ghosh
  • Sukamal Sarkar
  • Dibyendu Mondal
  • Pijush Kanti Sarkar
Article
  • 35 Downloads

Abstract

Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Gennadius) is a devastating pest of vegetables, cotton, and many other agricultural and horticultural crops worldwide. Since control of B. tabaci on vegetable crops solely depends on the use of chemical insecticides in India; monitoring the insecticide resistance of B. tabaci populations would be very much essential for achieving successful control and for managing the resistance development. Hence, the aim of the present study was to examine the resistance in different field strains of B. tabaci to traditional organophosphates and new chemical insecticides in India. The resistance ratios were recorded in the range of 30.67–131.48 fold for acephate, 29.17–83.67 fold for triazophos, 0.38–2.51 fold for indoxacarb, 4.55–34.52 fold for dinotefuran, 6.26–27.56 fold for tolfenpyrad, 7.87–31.89 fold for spiromesifen, 1.61–30.08 fold for pyriproxyfen, and 3.09–45.92 fold for flonicamid in comparison to that of the susceptible strain in the laboratory. Resistance levels of B. tabaci populations against the tested insecticides were significantly variable among localities. The present data will be helpful for the selection of proper insecticides on vegetable crops in the field for successful management of B. tabaci in near future.

Keywords

Tobacco whitefly Insecticide resistance Dinotefuran Tolfenpyrad Flonicamid Vegetables 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to thank laboratory experts of BCKV for insect rearing and field survey assistance. Moreover, special thanks are due to the support by the Director of Research (BCKV) for providing necessary infrastructures and M/S. Dow AgroSciences Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, India for laboratory funding. Additionally authors are also grateful to Dr. Saikat Gantait (Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya) for final editing of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Human and animal studies

This article does not contain any studies with human or other animal subjects.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural EntomologyBidhan Chandra Krishi ViswavidyalayaNadiaIndia
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureCollege of AgricultureLembucherraIndia
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (DiSAA)University of MilanMilanItaly
  4. 4.Department of Agro-meteorology and PhysicsBidhan Chandra Krishi ViswavidyalayaNadiaIndia
  5. 5.Department of AgronomyBidhan Chandra Krishi ViswavidyalayaNadiaIndia

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