, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 401–406 | Cite as

First record of two invasive eucalypt psyllids (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) in Israel

  • Malkie SpodekEmail author
  • Daniel Burckhardt
  • Alex Protasov
  • Zvi Mendel


Two eucalypt-feeding psyllids (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Aphalaridae): the eucalypt shoot psyllid, Blastopsylla occidentalis Taylor and the red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore are reported from Israel for the first time. Both species belong to Spondyliaspidinae, a subfamily of jumping plant lice that feed generally on Myrtaceae, mainly eucalypts. The psyllids were collected from Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh., a dominant eucalypt species in Israel. A summary of the global distribution and the host trees of the two psyllids are provided and their potential threat to eucalypts in Israel is discussed. Diagnostic information to distinguish between the two psyllids is presented, with an identification key for the adults of six eucalypt-feeding psyllid species in the Western Palearctic region.

Key words

Eucalyptus Blastopsylla Glycaspis eucalypt shoot psyllid red gum lerp psyllid pest 



MS is grateful to the Swiss Federal Commission for Scholarships for funding her post-doctorate research at the Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland. This paper is part of a larger study on Israeli psyllid systematics. We would like to thank Dr. A. Freidberg (retired, Tel Aviv University, Israel) for collecting the specimens of B. occidentalis. Thanks are also due to Dr. N. Dorchin, Mr. L. Friedman, Mrs. T. Stern and Dr. T. Novoselsky (Tel Aviv University, Israel) for organizing the loan and shipment of psyllid specimens to Switzerland for study. We thank Mrs. S. Kagan (Agriculture Research Organization, Israel) for providing information about eucalypts in Israel. Dr. D. Ouvrard (Natural History Museum, England) and an anonymous reviewer provided useful suggestions on a previous manuscript draft which is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest: We declare that there is no conflict of interest with the publication of this manuscript. No human/animal participants were involved in the preparation of this manuscript.


  1. Aytar, F. (2007). Description, distribution and hosts of Blastopsylla occidentalis (Homoptera: Psyllidae), a new pest of Eucalyptus spp. in Turkey. Poster presented at the 2nd Plant Protection Congress of Turkey, Isparta, Turkey, 27–29 August 2007.Google Scholar
  2. Ball, J.B. (1995). Development of Eucalyptus plantations – an overview. Proceedings of the Regional Expert Consultation on Eucalyptus, Bangkok, Thailand 4–8 October 1993. vol. I. 15–27.Google Scholar
  3. Bami, R. (2011). Au secours de l’Eucalyptus. Le matin, 9 Juin 2011, 6.Google Scholar
  4. Bella, S., & Rapisarda, C. (2013). First record from Greece of the invasive red gum lerp psyllid Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) and its associated parasitoid Psyllaephagus bliteus Riek (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Redia, 46, 33–35.Google Scholar
  5. Ben Attia, S., & Rapisarda, C. (2014). First record of the red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera Psyllidae), in Tunisia. Phytoparasitica, 42, 535–539. doi: 10.1007/s12600-014-0391-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brennan, E. B., & Gill, R. J. (1999). First record of Glycaspis brimblecombei (Moore) (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in North America: Initial observations and predator associations of a potentially serious new pest of Eucalyptus in California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 75, 55–57.Google Scholar
  7. Brooker, M. I. H. (2000). A new classification of the genus Eucalyptus L'Hér. (Myrtaceae). Australian Systematic Botany, 13(1), 79–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burckhardt, D. (1994). Psylloid pests of temperate and subtropical crop and ornamental plants (Hemiptera, Psylloidea): a review. Trends in Agricultural Sciences, Entomology, 2, 173–186.Google Scholar
  9. Burckhardt, D., Santana, D. L., Terra, A. L., De Andrade, F. M., Penteado, S. R. C., Iede, E. T., & Morey, C. S. (1999). Psyllid pests (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) in South American eucalypt plantations. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 72, 1–10.Google Scholar
  10. Burckhardt, D., & Elgueta, M. (2000). Blastopsylla occidentalis Taylor (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), a new introduced eucalypt pest in Chile. Revista Chilena de Entomología, 26, 57–61.Google Scholar
  11. Burckhardt, D., Lozada, P. W., & Diaz, B. W. (2008). First record of the red gum lerp psyllid Glycaspis brimblecombei (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) from Peru. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 81, 83–85.Google Scholar
  12. Burckhardt, D., & Ouvrard, D. (2012). A revised classification of the jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Zootaxa, 3509, 1–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Burckhardt, D., Queiroz, D.L., & Malenovský, I. (2014). First record of the Australian genus Platyobria Taylor, 1987 from Europe and P. biemani sp. nov. as a potential pest of Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Entomologische Zeitschrift, 124(2), 109–112.Google Scholar
  14. Caleca, V., Lo Verde, G., & Maltese, M. (2011). First record in Italy of Psyllaephagus bliteus Riek (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) parasitoid of Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Il Naturalista Siciliana, 35, 435–444.Google Scholar
  15. Cocquempot, C., Malausa, J. C., Thaon, M., & Brancaccio, L. (2012). Le Psylle du Gommier rouge (Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore) introduit sur les eucalyptus de France (Hemiptera, Psyllidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 117, 363–370.Google Scholar
  16. Daane, K. M., Sime, K. R., & Dahlsten, D. L. (2005). The biology of Psyllaephagus bliteus Riek (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), a parasitoid of the red gum lerp psyllid (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Biological Control, 32, 228–235. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2004.09.015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dahlsten, D. L., Daane, K. M., Paine, T. D., Sime, K. R., Lawson, A. B., Rowney, D. L., Roltsch, W. J., Andrews, J. W., Kabashima, J. N., Shaw, D. A., Robb, K. L., Geisel, P. M., Chaney, W. E., Ingels, C. A., Varela, L. G., & Bianchi, M. L. (2005). Imported parasitoid helps control red gum lerp psyllid. California Agriculture, 59(4), 229–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Diodato, L., & Venturini, M. (2007). Presencia del “psílido del escudo” (Glycaspis brimblecombei, Hemiptera, Psyllidae), plaga del Eucalyptus, en Santiago del Estero, Argentina. Quebracho, 14, 84–89.Google Scholar
  19. Durán, P.M., & Urrutia, A.B.. (2001). Dos nuevos psilidos en Chile: Ctenarytaina eucalypti y Blastopsylla occidentalis. Santiago: CONAF, GEDEFF.Google Scholar
  20. FABI (2015). New Eucalyptus pest. Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute. Accessed 24 February 2015.
  21. Halbert, S. E., Gill, R., & Nisson, J. N. (2001). Two Eucalyptus psyllids new to Florida (Homoptera: Psyllidae). Entomology Circular-Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry 407, 1–2.Google Scholar
  22. Hodkinson, I. D. (1974). The biology of the Psylloidea (Homoptera): a review. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 64, 325–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hodkinson, I. D. (1999). Biocontrol of eucalyptus psyllid Ctenarytaina eucalypti by the Australian parasitoid Psyllaephagus pilosus: a review of current programmes and their success. Biocontrol News and Information, 20(4), 129–134.Google Scholar
  24. Hodkinson, I. D. (2007). A new introduced species of Ctenarytaina (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) damaging cultivated Eucalyptus parvula (= parvifolia) in Europe. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 54(1), 27–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hollis, D. (2004). Australian Psylloidea: jumping plantlice and lerp insects. Camberra, Australia: CSIRO.Google Scholar
  26. Ide, M.S., Muñoz, A.C., Beeche, C.M., Mondaca, E.J., Jaques, R.L, González, P., & Goycoolea, P.C., (2006). Detección y control biológico de Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero, División de Protección Agrícola, Santiago, Chile, 32 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Karaca, I., Kayahan, A., Şimşek, B., & Çelikpençe, Y. (2015). First record of Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera: Aphalaridae), in Turkey. Phytoparasitica (submitted).Google Scholar
  28. KKL (2015). Forest facts in Israel. Accessed 5 February 2015.
  29. Laudonia, S. (2006). Un nuovo psillide su eucalipto [a new psyllid on eucalyptus]. Informatore Agrario, 62(9), 89.Google Scholar
  30. Laudonia, S., & Garonna, A. P. (2010). The red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei, a new exotic pest of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Italy. Bulletin of Insectology, 63(2), 233–236.Google Scholar
  31. Mendel, Z., Protasov, A., Fisher, N., & La Salle, J. (2004). Taxonomy and biology of Leptocybe invasa gen. & sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), an invasive gall inducer on Eucalyptus. Australian Journal of Entomology, 43, 101–113. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-6055.2003.00393.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Meza, P., & Baldini, A. (2001). Dos nuevos psílidos en Chile Ctenarytaina eucalypti y Blastopsylla occidentalis. Corporación Nacional Forestal (Chile). Documento Técnico, 9, 1–34.Google Scholar
  33. Mifsud, D., Cocquempot, C., Mühlethaler, R., Wilson, M., & Streito, J.C. (2010). Other Hemiptera Sternorrhyncha (Aleyrodidae, Phylloxeroidea, and Psylloidea) and Hemiptera Auchenorrhyncha. Chapter 9.4. In A. Roques et al. (Eds), Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe. BioRisk, 4(1), 511–552. doi:  10.3897/biorisk.4.63.
  34. Moore, K. M. (1964). Observations on some Australian forest insects. 18. Four new species of Glycaspis (Homoptera: Psyllidae) from Queensland. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 89, 163–166.Google Scholar
  35. Olivares, T. S., Burckhardt, D. H., & Cerda, L. A. (2004). Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore, «Psyllido de los eucaliptos rojos» (Hemiptera: Psyllidae: Spondyliaspidinae): caracteres taxonómicos. Revista Chilena de Entomología, 30, 5–10.Google Scholar
  36. Paine, T. D., Dahlsten, D. L., Millar, J. G., Hoddle, M. S., & Hanks, L. M. (2000). U.C. scientists apply IPM techniques to new eucalyptus pests. California Agriculture, 54(6), 8–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Paine, T. D., Steinbauer, M. J., & Lawson, S. A. (2011). Native and exotic pests of Eucalyptus: a worldwide perspective. Annual Review of Entomology, 56, 181–201. doi: 10.1146/annurev-ento-120709-144817.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pérez-Otero, R. J., Mansilla, P., Borrajo, P., & Ruiz, F. (2011). First report of Blastopsylla occidentalis Taylor (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal-Plagas, 37(2), 139–144.Google Scholar
  39. Peris-Felipo, F. J., Mancusi, G., Turrisi, G. F., & Jiménez-Peydró, R. (2011). New corological and biological data of the red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore, 1964 in Italy (Hemiptera, Psyllidae). Biodiversity Journal, 2(1), 13–17.Google Scholar
  40. Plascencia-González, A., Cibrián-Tovar, D., Llanderal-Cázares, C., López-Pérez, I., & Arriola-Padilla, V. (2005). Biología del parasitoide Psyllaephagus bliteus (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Revista Chapingo, Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, 11, 11–17.Google Scholar
  41. Queiroz, D. L., Burckhardt, D., & Majer, J. (2012). Integrated pest management of eucalypt psyllids (Insecta, Hemiptera, Psylloidea). In S. Soloneski (Ed.), Integrated pest management and pest control – current and future tactics (pp. 385–412). Rijeka: In Tech.Google Scholar
  42. Queiroz, D. L., Majer, J., Burckhardt, D., Zanetti, R., Fernandez, J. I. R., Castro de Queiroz, E., Garrastazu, M., Fernandes, B. V., & dos Anjos, N. (2013). Predicting the geographical distribution of Glycaspis brimblecombei (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) in Brazil. Australian Journal of Entomology, 52(1), 20–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Reguia, K., & Peris-Felipo, F. J. (2013). Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore, 1964 (Hemiptera Psyllidae) invasion and new records in the Mediterranean area. Biodiversity Journal, 4(4), 501–506.Google Scholar
  44. Reves, Y. (1999). A field guide to Eucalyptus trees in Israel. Tel Aviv, Israel: Novel Press.Google Scholar
  45. Sookar, P., Seewooruthun S.I., & Ramkhelawon, D. (2003). The redgum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei, a new pest of Eucalyptus sp. in Mauritius. AMAS. Food and Agricultural Research Council, Réduit, Mauritius, 327–332.Google Scholar
  46. Taylor, K. L. (1985). Australian psyllids: A new genus of Ctenarytainini (Homoptera: Psylloidea) on Eucalyptus, with nine new species. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 24, 17–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tsagkarakis, A. E., Kalaitzaki, A. P., & Balotis, G. N. (2014). Note on Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera Psyllidae): a new pest of Eucalyptus in Greece. Advances in Entomology, 2(1), 57–59. doi: 10.4236/ae.2014.21010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Valente, C., & Hodkinson, I. (2009). First record of the red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hem.: Psyllidae), in Europe. Journal of Applied Entomology, 133(4), 315–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Withers, T. M. (2001). Colonization of eucalypts in New Zealand by Australian insects. Austral Ecology, 26(5), 467–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yen, A. L., Burckhardt, D., & Cen, Y. J. (2013). The occurrence of the Australian psyllid Blastopsylla occidentalis Taylor (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) in the Peoples’ Republic of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 38(2), 436–439.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malkie Spodek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Burckhardt
    • 1
  • Alex Protasov
    • 2
  • Zvi Mendel
    • 2
  1. 1.Naturhistorisches MuseumBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael

Personalised recommendations