Business & Information Systems Engineering

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 239–242 | Cite as

Industry 4.0

  • Heiner Lasi
  • Peter FettkeEmail author
  • Hans-Georg Kemper
  • Thomas Feld
  • Michael Hoffmann

Application-Pull and Technology-Push as Driving Forces for the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Industry is the part of an economy that produces material goods which are highly mechanized and automatized. Ever since the beginning of industrialization, technological leaps have led to paradigm shifts which today are ex-post named “industrial revolutions”: in the field of mechanization (the so-called 1st industrial revolution), of the intensive use of electrical energy (the so-called 2nd industrial revolution), and of the widespread digitalization (the so-called 3rd industrial revolution). On the basis of an advanced digitalization within factories, the combination of Internet technologies and future-oriented technologies in the field of “smart” objects (machines and products) seems to result in a new fundamental paradigm shift in industrial production. The vision of future production contains modular and efficient manufacturing systems and characterizes scenarios in which products control...


Manufacturing System Industrial Revolution Business Intelligence Enterprise Resource Planning System Product Service System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heiner Lasi
    • 1
  • Peter Fettke
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hans-Georg Kemper
    • 1
  • Thomas Feld
    • 3
  • Michael Hoffmann
    • 4
  1. 1.Information Systems IUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Information Systems (IWi) at the DFKISaarbrückenGermany
  3. 3.Scheer Group GmbHSaarbrückenGermany
  4. 4.Scheer Management GmbHSaarbrückenGermany

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