Neutron diffraction studies of permanent magnetic materials

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Neutron diffraction technology as an advanced material research technique has special advantages in studying magnetic materials compared to the conventional techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In this review, the applications of neutron diffraction technology on permanent magnetic materials were briefly reviewed: (1) the determination of the crystal structure and magnetic structure of the typical permanent magnet material, (2) in situ neutron diffraction study of the crystal structure evolution of the permanent magnets, and (3) phase transition in permanent magnetic materials.

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This work was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Nos. 2017YFA0403701, 2016YFB0700901, 2017YFA0206303 and 2017YFA0401502) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51731001, 11675006, 11805006, 51371009 and 11504348).

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Correspondence to Xiang-Dong Kong or Jin-Bo Yang.

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Yang, W., Liang, D., Kong, X. et al. Neutron diffraction studies of permanent magnetic materials. Rare Met. 39, 13–21 (2020) doi:10.1007/s12598-019-01300-8

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  • Neutron diffraction
  • Permanent magnetic materials
  • Crystal structure
  • Magnetic structure
  • Structure evolution
  • Phase transition