Rare Metals

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Antibacterial ability and cytocompatibility of Cu-incorporated Ni–Ti–O nanopores on NiTi alloy

  • Jia-Ming Zhang
  • Yong-Hua Sun
  • Ya Zhao
  • Yan-Lian Liu
  • Xiao-Hong Yao
  • Bin Tang
  • Rui-Qiang HangEmail author


Nearly equiatomic nickel–titanium (NiTi) alloy is an ideal implant biomaterial because of its shape memory effect, superelasticity, low elastic modulus as well as other desirable properties. However, it is prone to infection because of its poor antibacterial ability. The present work incorporated Cu into Ni–Ti–O nanopores (NP–Cu) anodically grown on the NiTi alloy to enhance its antibacterial ability, which was realized through electrodeposition. Our results show that incorporation of Cu (0.78 at%–2.37 at%) has little influence on the NP diameter, length and morphology. The release level of Cu ions is in line with loadage which may be responsible for the improved antibacterial ability of the NiTi alloy to combat possible bacterial infection in vivo. Meanwhile, the NP–Cu shows better cytocompatibility and even can promote proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), up-regulate collagen secretion and extracellular matrix mineralization when compared with Cu-free sample. Better antibacterial ability and cytocompatibility of the NP–Cu render them to be promising when serving as NiTi implant coatings.


Nickel–titanium alloy Nickel–titanium–oxygen nanopores Copper Antibacterial ability Cytocompatibility 



This work was financially supported by the Fund for Shanxi “1331 Project” Key Innovative Research Team (No. 1331KIRT), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province (No. 201801D121093) and the Key Innovative Research Team in Science and Technology of Shanxi Province (No. 201805D131001).


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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Surface Engineering, College of Materials Science and TechnologyTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina

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