Rare Metals

, Volume 38, Issue 11, pp 1070–1077 | Cite as

Microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welding joint during post weld heat treatment with different zigzag lines

  • Zhi-Li Hu
  • Qiu PangEmail author
  • Ming-Liang Dai


Zigzag line is a common defect in friction stir welding (FSW) joint. The formation mechanism of the zigzag line in Al–Cu alloy FSW joint and its influence on the microstructure and mechanical properties during post weld heat treatment (PWHT) were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microhardness and tensile tests. It is found that the occurrence of zigzag line for PWHT joint is determined by PWHT process which in nature depends on residual stress and thermal stress of FSW joint. The optimization of PWHT process to reduce the residual and thermal stress can trigger for the deterioration of mechanical properties of PWHT joints with zigzag line. No obvious decrease of tensile properties is observed for T6-450 and T6-495 joints although zigzag line appears in the weld. PWHT determines the sizes of zigzag line cracks and consequently determines the fracture location and characteristics of FSW joint.


Friction stir welding Post weld heat treatment Zigzag line Mechanical properties 



This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51775397 and 51405358), the China Automobile Industry Innovation and Development Joint Fund (No. U1564202), the Program of the Ministry of Education of China for Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities (No. B17034) and the Open Fund of Shanghai Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacture for Thin-Walled Structures (No. 2017002).


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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Automobile ComponentsWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Automotive Components TechnologyWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  3. 3.School of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringWuhan Donghu UniversityWuhanChina

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