Rare Metals

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Erosion behavior of a ship propeller material of QAl9-4 alloy

  • Wei-Jiu HuangEmail author
  • Yong-Tao Zhou
  • Zhen-Guo Wang
  • Zhi-Kang Liao


The erosion behavior of a QAl9-4 alloy as a ship propeller material was investigated. The effects of the solution, the impact angles and the sand content were considered. The test results demonstrate that the mass loss of the alloy in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution is 1.35 times that in tap water, due to the corrosive effect of Cl. The mass loss of the alloy increases as the impact angle increases up to ~ 30° and consequently decreases as the impact angle increases. Also, this feature is typical for the ductile metal behavior. At the impact angle of 0°, this feature is associated with the predominant erosion mechanisms, such as shallow plowing and surface fatigue; at 30°, this feature is micro-cutting, deep plowing and surface fatigue; and at 45°, it becomes indentation accompanied by extruded lips. The mass loss and surface roughness of the alloy increase as the sand content increases under the testing conditions.


Erosion QAl9-4 alloy Impact angle Sand content Erode surface 



This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51171216) and the National “Ten Thousand Plan” Scientific and Technological Innovation Leading Talent Project.


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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringChongqing University of TechnologyChongqingChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

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