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Rare Metals

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 259–269 | Cite as

Kenaf cellulose-based poly(amidoxime) ligand for adsorption of rare earth ions

  • Md Lutfor RahmanEmail author
  • Mohd Sani Sarjadi
  • Sazmal Effendi Arshad
  • Mashitah M. Yusoff
  • Shaheen M. Sarkar
  • Baba Musta
Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

A well-known adsorbent, poly(amidoxime) ligand, was prepared from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) grafted kenaf cellulose, and subsequent characterization was performed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The adsorption capacities of the prepared ligand for rare earth metals are found to be excellent, with adsorptions of La3+, Ce3+, Pr3+, Gd3+ and Nd3+ experimentally determined to be 262, 255, 244, 241 and 233 mg·g−1, respectively, at pH 6. The experimental values of the adsorption of rare earth metals are well matched with the pseudo-second-order rate equation. The reusability of the adsorbent is examined for seven cycles of sorption/desorption, demonstrating that the proposed adsorbent could be reused for over seven cycles without any significant loss in the original removal capability of the ligand.

Keywords

Adsorption Poly(amidoxime) Rare earths Separation Kenaf cellulose 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the Universiti Malaysia Sabah (No. SBK0260-ST-2016).

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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and Natural ResourcesUniversiti Malaysia SabahKota KinabaluMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Industrial Sciences and TechnologyUniversity Malaysia PahangGambangMalaysia

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