pp 1–43 | Cite as

Modeling the public distribution system: a PO-P approach

  • Ajay Bohtan
  • K. MathiyazhaganEmail author
  • Prem Vrat
Application Article


Public distribution system (PDS) is the lifeline of food security in India which involves provisioning of foodgrains. To manage this supply chain more efficiently, an effective performance management system is a pre-requisite. This paper utilises the performance objectives-productivity approach to formalise a performance measurement methodology for the PDS supply chain of foodgrains at state level. Here, the actual values of the performance measures are compared with the objectivated values to arrive at the productivity index which indicates the degree of performance of PDS and its various components. In this model the optimal values of the “objectivated output” can be obtained either by solving a goal programming model or through benchmarking in the multi attribute utility theory framework. As fast movement of foodgrains is vital to reduce the degree of perishability due to losses during transit and storage, this multi-dimensional performance measurement system also rates the losses of foodgrains during various stages of freight transportation with a view to minimise the same. The primary aim in applying this method is to arrive at a benchmarking technique to assess if such supply chain is working effectively and efficiently which is akin to auditing the system. By using the given approach some standardisation could be brought into arrive at the authentic performance level of the PDS.


Supply chain management Public distribution system Performance measurement system Performance objectives-productivity 



The authors wish to put on record their deep appreciation for the anonymous reviewers for their constructive criticism and relevant suggestions which has led to the improvement in the quality and content of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Operational Research Society of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Northcap UniversityGurugramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amity School of Engineering and TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia

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