Journal of Optics

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 225–232 | Cite as

Static laser surface authentication with low-cost microscope: Tolerances on spatial and angular disturbance

Research Article


This paper provides a detailed analysis of spatial and angular robustness of static laser surface authentication system. We shot a beam of laser onto a surface of a paper, captured the reflected speckle pattern, introduced spatial and angular disturbance to the paper separately and perform the authentication process. By analyzing the cross correlation values between speckle patterns before and after the disturbance, we show how receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis can be utilized to calculate the robustness of the system. Defining the accuracy ≥ 95 % as robustness, the estimated spatial and angular tolerances of our system are 0.154 ±0.008 mm and 3.59 ±0.18 degrees respectively.


Laser surface authentication Paper recognition Paper security Receiver operating characteristic Speckle Laser speckle Speckle application Tolerance analysis 



We would like to thank J. Pangaribuan as the head of physics laboratory of University of Pelita Harapan and Y. Subono as the laboratory technician for their permission and technical assistance in using the laser source and providing storage for experimental apparatus.


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Copyright information

© The Optical Society of India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of Pelita HarapanTangerangIndonesia
  2. 2.Physics Research CenterThe Indonesian Institute of SciencesBantenIndonesia
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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