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Preliminary Survey of Ladybird Beetle Composition (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Unmanaged Apple Orchard Ecosystems of Kashmir Himalayas

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Abstract

Ladybird beetles were collected from unmanaged apple trees of Kashmir Himalayas across five selected sites to assess species composition and seasonal distribution. Altogether 12 species belonging to 4 subfamilies and 11 genera were found. Varying among sites, species richness was recorded lowest (S = 8) at Shopian and Kupwara and highest (S = 12) at Srinagar. Simmondsius pakistanensis (Ahmad and Ghani, 1996) reported here marks the first verified record of the species from India. Priscibrumus uropygialis (Mulsant, 1853) was found to be the dominant species throughout the season whilst Adalia tetraspilota (Hope, 1831) was rarer in occurrence. Understanding species composition and seasonal distribution of natural enemies in unmanaged apple trees is crucial for pest management programs for apple pests. The baseline information provided here will help in further similar studies in the region and formulation of effective conservational strategies.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are sincerely thankful to Dr. J. Poorani (National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Insects (ICAR)) for helping with the identification and confirmation of the new faunal record to India. The third author would also like to thank Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, New Delhi for research encouragement and financial assistance rendered via; N-PDF Fellowship program: File No: PDF/2015/000866 and director CITH for facilities made available.

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Correspondence to Aijaz Ahmad Wachkoo.

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Maqbool, A., Rather, S.U., Akbar, S.A. et al. Preliminary Survey of Ladybird Beetle Composition (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Unmanaged Apple Orchard Ecosystems of Kashmir Himalayas. Proc Zool Soc (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-020-00322-w

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Keywords

  • Coccinellids
  • Apple ecosystems
  • Biocontrol
  • India