Advertisement

Composition of Birds in Agricultural Landscapes of Peddagattu and Sherpally Area: A Proposed Uranium Mining Sites in Nalgonda, Telangana, India

  • Buddi Laxmi Narayana
  • Vaidyula Vasudeva Rao
  • V. Venkateswara Reddy
Research Article

Abstract

The study was carried out from December 2010 to March 2014 to obtain the list of bird species, their density, diversity, species richness and evenness associated with five different crops viz., Paddy, Cotton, Castor, Red gram and Fruit garden in agricultural habitat of Nalgonda district. The current study highlights the status of avian diversity in relation to different crops, order wise versus crop wise species distribution and their clusters among the over- lapping species. A unique attempt of assembling birds, between crops and among the species shows significant variation in the relative density and diet selection of each bird species. Among which seven threatened bird species (IUCN Red list) were documented.

Keywords

Bird species richness Diversity Croplands Foraging guild Insectivorous birds 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We express our sincere gratitude to Indian Council of Agricultural Research for providing necessary facilities, All India Network Project on Vertebrate Pest Management staff and Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, for extended help in field. We also thank to Board of Research on Nuclear science (BRNS), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Government of India, for funding the project (Project Sanction No. 2009/36/66).

Supplementary material

12595_2018_280_MOESM1_ESM.jpg (340 kb)
Fig. 6a,b Grouping of birds based on their similarity for the entire study period from December 2010-March 2014 (340 kb)

References

  1. Ali, S. 1949. Bird friends and foes of the cultivator. Indian Farming 10: 385–387.Google Scholar
  2. Ali, S. 1971. Sunder Lal Hora memorial lecture. Ornithology in India: Its past, present and future. Proceedings of Indian National Science Academy 37: 99–113.Google Scholar
  3. Ali, S. 2002. The book of Indian birds, 13th ed, 326. Mumbai: Bombay Natural History Society, Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Asokan, S., A.M.S. Ali, and R. Manikannan. 2009. Diet of three insectivorous birds in Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu, India-a preliminary study. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(6): 327–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Asokan, S., A.M.S. Ali, and R. Manikannan. 2010. Foraging behavior of selected birds in Cauvery Delta region of Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu, India—A preliminary study. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(2): 690–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Birasal, N.R. 2014. Agricultural ecosystem: An encouraging field for ornithologists. Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species 2: 119.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2332-2543.1000119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daniels, R. J. R. (1989). A conservation strategy for the birds of the Uttar Kannada District, Ph.D. thesis, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.Google Scholar
  8. Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp, and T. Inskipp. 2011. Birds of the India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives, 528. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Hostetler, M. E., & Main, B. M. (2001). Florida Monitoring Program: Point Count Method to Survey Birds. University of Florida IFAS Extension. http://www.dae.nic.in/writereaddata/parl/budget2015/rsus2409.pdf.
  10. IUCN (2018). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1. http://www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 05 July 2018.
  11. Karr, J.R., and R.R. Roth. 1971. Vegetation structure and avian diversity in several new world areas. American Naturalist 105: 423–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McAleece, N., Gage, J. D. G., Lambshead, P.J.D., & Paterson, G. L. J. (1997). Bio-Diversity Professional statistics analysis software. Jointly developed by the Scottish Association for Marine Science and the Natural History Museum London. Google Scholar
  13. Mukherjee, A.K., C.K. Board, and B.M. Parasharya. 2002. Breeding performance of the indian sarus crane in the agricultural landscape of western India. Biological Conservation 105: 263–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Narayana, B. L., Pandiyan. J., & Rao, V. V. (2011). Studies on avian diversity in selected croplands of Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, Southern India. In: Bhupathy, S., B. A. K. Prusty., H. N. Kumara., R. S. C. Jayaraj., G. Quadros., and P. Pramod (Eds.), Status of Indian Birds and Their Conservation. In Proceedings of “First international conference on indian ornithology”, Coimbatore: Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) (pp. 47–49).Google Scholar
  15. Narayana, B.L., V.V. Rao, and J. Pandiyan. 2016. Four insectivorous birds in search of foraging niche in and around an agricultural ecosystem of Nalgonda district of Telangana, India. Ambient Science 3(1): 7–15.  https://doi.org/10.21276/ambi.2016.03.1.ra01.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Narayana, B.L., V.V. Rao, and V. Venkateswara Reddy. 2014. Foraging behavior of Black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) in Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The Bioscan 9(2): 467–471.Google Scholar
  17. O’Connor, R., & Shrubb, M. (1986). Farming and birds (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). In B. M. Parasharya., J. F. Dodia., D. N. Yadav., R. C. Patel. Sarus crane damage to paddy crop. Pavo 24: 87–90.Google Scholar
  18. Pearson, D.L. 1975. Range extensions and new records for bird species in Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Condor 77: 96–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shannon, C.E., and W. Weiner. 1949. The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  20. Singh, K., A. Maheshwari, and S.V. Dwivedi. 2018. Studies on avian diversity of banda university of agriculture and technology campus, Banda, Uttar pradesh, India. International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology 3(2): 177–180.  https://doi.org/10.15406/ijawb.2018.03.00082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Raman, T.R.S., and R. Sukumar. 2002. Responses of tropical rain forest birds to abandoned plantations edges and logged forest in the Western Ghats, India. Animal Conservation I5: 201–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rajashekara, S., and M.G. Venkatesha. 2014. Insectivorous bird communities of diverse agro-ecosystems in the Bengaluru region, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2(5): 142–155.Google Scholar
  23. Richards, P.W. 1996. The tropical rain forest an ecological study, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Rosenzweig, M.L. 1981. A theory of habitat selection. Ecology 62(2): 327–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Zoological Society, Kolkata, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Environment, Institute of Science and TechnologyJawaharlal Nehru Technological UniversityKukatpally, HyderabadIndia
  2. 2.All India Network Project on Vertebrate Pest ManagementPJTS Agricultural UniversityRajendranagar, HyderabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, JNTUH College of EngineeringJawaharlal Nehru Technological UniversityKukatpally, HyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations