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Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 92, Issue 6, pp 695–703 | Cite as

Estimation of Natural Radionuclides and Exhalation Rate in Surface Soils of Four Districts of Haryana, India

  • Amanjeet Panghal
  • Ajay KumarEmail author
  • Suneel Kumar
  • Joga Singh
  • Parminder Singh
  • B. S. Bajwa
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

A comprehensive study is conducted to determine the elemental concentrations of 238U, 232Th and 40K in surface soil samples collected from four well-populated districts of central part of Haryana, India. NaI(Tl) gamma ray spectrometer is used for measurement of 238U, 232Th and 40K in soil samples and SMART RnDuo is used for estimation of exhalation rate in soil samples. Average values of activity concentrations of 238U, 232Th and 40K are 27.9 ± 6.0 Bqkg-1, 34.0 ± 6.6 Bqkg-1 and 306.9 ± 15.9 Bqkg-1, respectively. Radium equivalent activity is lower than the recommended limits with an average value of 97.98 Bqkg-1. Absorbed dose rates in air outdoors, effective dose rates for indoor and outdoor, internal and external hazard index, radium equivalent activities and annual effective dose are measured in soil sample of the study area. A weak positive correlation is observed between radionuclides and exhalation rate.

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Copyright information

© Geological Society of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanjeet Panghal
    • 1
  • Ajay Kumar
    • 2
    Email author
  • Suneel Kumar
    • 1
  • Joga Singh
    • 3
  • Parminder Singh
    • 4
  • B. S. Bajwa
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsChandigarh University, GharuanMohaliIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsDAV CollegeAmritsarIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsKhalsa CollegeAmritsarIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsGuru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsarIndia

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