Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 84, Issue 2, pp 192–196 | Cite as

Hypsometric analysis of Shakkar river catchment through geographical information system

  • Sarita Gajbhiye
  • S. K. Mishra
  • Ashish Pandey
Research Articles


Hypsometric analysis of watershed (area-elevation analysis) has generally been used to reveal the stages of geomorphic development (stabilized, mature and young). The geologic stages of development and proneness of the watersheds for erosion are quantified by hypsometric integral. The estimation of hypsometric integral is carried out from the graphical plot of the measured contour elevation and encompassed area by using empirical formulae. In this study, efforts were made to estimate the hypsometric integral values of Shakkar river watershed which is a tributary of Narmada river located in Madhya Pradesh. The watershed was delineated into eight sub-watersheds and hypsometric analysis was carried out for all of them using digital contour maps, which was generated using Arc/Info GIS. The hypsometric integral values for all the sub-watersheds of Shakkar river ranges between 0.47 and 0.51. In the study area, only mature stage of erosion cycle is identified.


GIS Hypsometry Watershed Shakkar river Geological stage Madhya Pradesh 


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Copyright information

© Geological Society of India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Water Resource Development & ManagementIndian Institute of TechnologyRoorkeeIndia

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