Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 194–205 | Cite as

Sedimentary Facies, Sequence Stratigraphic Patterns in Pre-Cenozoic Inland Compressional Basin: Example from Early Yanshanian Succession of Eastern Yihezhuang Salient, Jiyang Depression, Bohai Bay Basin, China

  • Guangzeng SongEmail author
  • Hua Wang
  • Meng Xu
  • Jinda Xu
  • Guoqing Sang


To improve the success rate of locating hydrocarbon reservoirs in pre-Cenozoic inland compressional basins, taking the Early Yanshanian succession of eastern Yihezhuang salient as an example, this paper studied the sedimentary facies and sequence stratigraphic patterns. First, through seismic profiles, well logs, cores and outcrops, the sequence framework was established and internal sedimentary facies were identified. Further, according to analysis of single-wells and connecting-wells, the vertical evolution and horizontal distribution of sedimentation inside the sequence frameworks were discussed. The following results were acquired: (1) meandering river characterized by dual structures superposing each other was developed, and the dual structures can be further divided into three kinds; (2) the entire Early Yanshanian succession was interpreted as one first-order sequence, composed of three third-order sequences, including SQ-Fz1, SQ-Fz2 and SQ-St from bottom to top. Each third-order sequence can be further divided into three system tracts; (3) in different system tracts, different types of dual structures developed separately, and sedimentary bodies showed different horizontal distribution scales and vertical superposition patterns. Finally, the model of sequence stratigraphic patterns was established. This study enhanced the use of sequence stratigraphy to inland tectonically active basins, and would be helpful to predict reservoirs in pre-Cenozoic residual basins.

Key words

Early Yanshanian succession sequence stratigraphic patterns inland compressional basin meandering river dual structure 


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This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (No. 41472216), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (No. ZR2016DB29), the Project supported by Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary Mineral, Shandong University of Science and Technology (No. DMSM2017015), the Water Conservancy Scientific Research and Technology Promotion Projects of Shandong Province (No. SDSLKY201808), and the Natural Science Foundation of Jinan University (No. XBS1647). We thank Petroleum Development Centre of the Shengli Oilfield Company for their support and permission to use industry data for this research. We appreciate the help from Professor Dawei Lü for good advices on this paper. The final publication is available at Springer via

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Resources and EnvironmentUniversity of JinanJinanChina
  2. 2.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary MineralsShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Faculty of Earth ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  4. 4.No. 1 Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources of Shandong ProvinceJinanChina
  5. 5.Geological Surveying & Mapping Institute of Shandong ProvinceJinanChina

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