Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 52–69 | Cite as

Piaoac Granites Related W-Sn Mineralization, Northern Vietnam: Evidences from Geochemistry, Zircon Geochronology and Hf Isotopes

  • Tuan Anh Nguyen
  • Xiaoyong YangEmail author
  • Hien Vu Thi
  • Lei Liu
  • Insung Lee


Piaoac granites exposed in the Cao Bang region, northern Vietnam, are S-type granite, which are associated with W-Sn-Mo-Be-F mineralization. Zircon U-Pb ages, major and trace elements, mineral chemical and Hf isotopic compositions of the W-Sn-bearing granites from the Piaoac District have been investigated in detail. LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating of zircon grains from these granites yielded ages of 82.5±2.3 and 82±1.8 Ma, representing an episode of Late Cretaceous magmatic event. These granites are characterized by high peraluminous and have typical S-type geochemical signatures with high SiO2 (72.37 wt.%-73.07 wt.%), high A/CNK values (1.61-1.65) and Аl2О3 (14.4 wt.%-15 wt.%). They are enriched in Rb, U, K, Th, Ta and Pb and display pronounced negative Ba, Sr, Nb, Ti and Eu (Eu/Eu*=0.19-0.24) anomalies. The high degree of fractional crystallization is characterized by low Rb, Sr, Ba and Eu concentrations with high ratios of La/Sm and Eu/Eu*. Zircon grains show εHf(t) values from -9.69 to -0.9 and the corresponding TDm2 range from 1.2 to 1.7 Ga, indicating that these granites could be derived from the Proterozoic basement rocks with minor input from mantle-derived magmas. The calculation of Fe3+ and Fe2+ of biotites indicates a low oxygen fugacity condition (log \(f_{\text{O}_{2}}\) ranging from 10-17 to 10-18 bars, below MH), which is favorable for the W-Sn mineralization. Tungsten and tin have been enriched in granitic magmas through fractionation, and low oxygen fugacity conditions have promoted the accumulation and transportation of W-Sn in the hydrothermal fluids, leading to deposition of mineral phases. The geochemical data suggest that Piaoac granites formed in an extensional setting related with the Late Cretaceous magmatism occurring large-scale lithospheric extensional in South China Block.

Key words

geochemistry zircon U-Pb age Hf isotope Piaoac granite W-Sn mineralization Northern Vietnam 


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This study was supported by the National Key R & D Program of China (No. 2016YFC0600404) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41673040 and 41611540339). The authors are grateful to Hou Z H, Deng J H, Gu H L, Qi H S, Ren Y S, and Shu S Y, for assistance in zircon U-Pb dating and Lu-Hf isotope analyses. The final publication is available at Springer via

Supplementary material

12583_2018_865_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (105 kb)
Table S1 LA-ICP-MS U-Pb isotope compositions for zircon from the Piaoac.
12583_2018_865_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (19 kb)
Table S2 Major element (in wt.%) and trace element (in ppm) data of the Piaoac granites
12583_2018_865_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (21 kb)
Table S3. Representative electron microprobe analyses of muscovite from the Piaoac granites.
12583_2018_865_MOESM4_ESM.xlsx (16 kb)
Table S4. Representative electron microprobe analyses of biotite from the Piaoac granites.
12583_2018_865_MOESM5_ESM.xlsx (18 kb)
Table S5 Lu-Hf isotope compositions for zircon from the Piaoac granites

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth and Space SciencesUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geological SciencesVietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)HanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Department of GeologyHanoi University of Mining and GeologyHanoiVietnam
  4. 4.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

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