Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 93–102 | Cite as

Petrogenesis and Geotectonic Significance of Early-Neoproterzoic Olivine-Gabbro within the Yangtze Craton: Constrains from the Mineral Composition, U-Pb Age and Hf Isotopes of Zircons

  • Xingfu JiangEmail author
  • Songbai Peng
  • Timothy M. Kusky
  • Lu Wang
  • Hao Deng
Mineralogy and Petrogeochemistry


The olivine-gabbroic rocks located at the Huangling anticline within the Yangtze Craton are dated at circa 857–854 Ma by LA-ICP-MS method. The rocks belong to the sub-alkaline series and consist of pyroxene (35%–40%), plagioclase (40%–45%), olivine (8%–10%) and spinel (3%–5%). Olivine has Fo values of 73–83 that is classified as chrysolite. Pyroxene has relative low contents of FeO (6.60 wt.%–8.23 wt.%) but high CaO (20.23 wt.%–21.25 wt.%) contents, however, plagioclase has high Al2O3 (31.78 wt.%–32.37 wt.%), CaO (16.08 wt.%–16.25 wt.%) and An (79–80) values, but low Na2O contents (1.95 wt.%–2.11 wt.%). Spinel are magnesioferrite with characteristics of high contents of MgO (13.65 wt.%–13.68 wt.%), FeO (23.27 wt.%–23.40 wt.%) and Al2O3 (62.43 wt.%–62.74 wt.%). Chemical compositions of these minerals are similar to those of gabbro rocks that were formed in the post-orogeny environment. The olivine-gabbro samples have negative zircon εHf values (-16.57±0.47) that resemble the mafic rocks in the same region, indicating that they are derived from the extremely enriched mantle source. On the compilation of documented Neoproterozoic mafic rocks in the Yangtze Craton, it is proposed that the mantle in the northern Yangtze Craton has experienced different degrees enrichment during the Neoproterozoic.

Key words

Neoproterozoic olivine-gabbro Huangling anticline post-orogeny environment Yangtze Craton 


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This study was support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41272242), the Education Department of Jiangxi Province (No. GJJ150562), and the East China University of Technology (No. DHBK2015321). The final publication is available at Springer via

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth SciencesEast China University of TechnologyNanchangChina
  2. 2.School of Earth SciencesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.Center for Global TectonicsChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  5. 5.Three Gorges Center for Geohazard, Ministry of EducationChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

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