Crustal Structure of Yunnan Province of China from Teleseismic Receiver Functions: Implications for Regional Crust Evolution
- 7 Downloads
Yunnan Province is located on the southeastern margin of Tibet and represents an important marker in understanding the tectonic evolution of Tibetan Plateau. In this study, we calculated teleseismic P-wave receiver functions at 49 permanent broadband seismic stations in Yunnan Province and estimated crustal thickness and the bulk crust ratios of P-wave to S-wave velocities using the H-κ method together with more detailed crustal structural profiles from the common conversion point stacking method. There is a significant transition of Moho interface and lower crustal composition along latitude 26°N in northwestern Yunnan. Decrease of crustal thickness with a concomitant increase of Poisson’s ratio occurs at station CUX. An interesting phenomenon is that a step-like Moho fashion is observed at several stations, which might correspond to local thermal activities, such as partial melt/lower crust delamination. Our results show changes in crustal properties appear to be associated with varieties in upper mantle structure and compositions, combined with other previous studies. We propose the controlling factor of the dynamic processes below 26°N is the result of eastern forward subduction of the Indian Plate; the northern part is controlled by the redirected material flow from the SE Tibet.
Key Wordscrustal structure receiver function Poisson’s ratio tectonic evolution
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
We thank Hok Sum Fok and James Hammond for their serious reading of the original work and providing many suggestive advices. We thank two anonymous reviewers and editors for their detailed reviews that improve this manuscript. We also thank Robert B. Herrmann and Zhu Lupei for their CPS (Computer Programs in Seismology) package and H-κ code separately. Waveform data for this study were provided by Data Management Center of Yunnan Seismic Network. This study was supported by the 973 Project of China (No. 2013CB733303) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41474093). The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-017-0822-9.
- Kan, R. J., Lin, Z. Y., 1986. A Preliminary Study on Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure in Yunnan. Earthquake Research in China, 2: 50–61 (in Chinese with English Abstract)Google Scholar
- Kennett, B. L. N., Engdahl, E. R., 1991. Traveltimes for Global Earthquake Location and Phase Identification. Geophysical Journal International, 105(2): 429–465. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1991.tb06724.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Li, Y. H., Wu, Q. J., Tian, X. B., et al., 2009. Crustal Structure in the Yunnan Region Determined by Modelling Receiver Functions. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 52: 67–80 (in Chinese with English Abstract)Google Scholar
- Ligorría, J. P., Ammon, C. J., 1999. Iterative Deconvolution and Receiver-Function Estimation. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 89(5): 1395–1400Google Scholar
- Sanders, C. O., Ponko, S. C., Nixon, L. D., et al., 1995. Seismological Evidence for Magmatic and Hydrothermal Structure in Long Valley Caldera from Local Earthquake Attenuation and Velocity Tomography. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 100(B5): 8311–8326. https://doi.org/10.1029/95jb00152 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tkalčić, H., Chen, Y. L., Liu, R. F., et al., 2011. Multistep Modelling of Teleseismic Receiver Functions Combined with Constraints from Seismic Tomography: Crustal Structure beneath Southeast China. Geophysical Journal International, 187(1): 303–326. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.2011.05132.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tkalčić, H., Pasyanos, M. E., Rodgers, A. J., et al., 2006. A Multistep Approach for Joint Modeling of Surface Wave Dispersion and Teleseismic Receiver Functions: Implications for Lithospheric Structure of the Arabian Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 111(B11): B11311. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005jb004130 Google Scholar
- Wang, Q. S., Wu, C. Z., Liu, H. C., et al., 1982. Studies on the General Distribution of Crustal Thickness and Characteristics of Crustal Structure under the Asian Continent. Seismology and Geology, 4: 1–9 (in Chinese with English Abstract)Google Scholar
- Xu, Z. J., Song, X. D., Zhu, L. P., 2013. Crustal and Uppermost Mantle S Velocity Structure under Hi-CLIMB Seismic Array in Central Tibetan Plateau from Joint Inversion of Surface Wave Dispersion and Receiver Function Data. Tectonophysics, 584: 209–220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2012.08.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yao, H. J., Beghein, C., van der Hilst, R. D., 2008. Surface Wave Array Tomography in SE Tibet from Ambient Seismic Noise and Two-Station Analysis—II. Crustal and Upper-Mantle Structure. Geophysical Journal International, 173(1): 205–219. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.2007.03696.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar