Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 457–472 | Cite as

Reactive transport modeling of long-term CO2 sequestration mechanisms at the Shenhua CCS demonstration project, China

  • Guodong Yang
  • Yilian LiEmail author
  • Aleks Atrens
  • Danqing Liu
  • Yongsheng Wang
  • Li Jia
  • Yu Lu
Experimental Geochemistry and Computational Geochemistry


Carbon dioxide injection into deep saline aquifers results in a variety of strongly coupled physical and chemical processes. In this study, reactive transport simulations using a 2-D radial model were performed to investigate the fate of the injected CO2, the effect of CO2-water-rock interactions on mineral alteration, and the long-term CO2 sequestration mechanisms of the Liujiagou Formation sandstone at the Shenhua CCS (carbon capture and storage) pilot site of China. Carbon dioxide was injected at a constant rate of 0.1 Mt/year for 30 years, and the fluid flow and geochemical transport simulation was run for a period of 10 000 years by the TOUGHREACT code according to the underground conditions of the Liujiagou Formation. The results show that different trapping phases of CO2 vary with time. Sensitivity analyses indicate that plagioclase composition and chlorite presence are the most significant determinants of stable carbonate minerals and CO2 mineral trapping capacity. For arkosic arenite in the Liujiagou Formation, CO2 can be immobilized by precipitation of ankerite, magnesite, siderite, dawsonite, and calcite for different mineral compositions, with Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe2+ and Na+ provided by dissolution of calcite, albite (or oligoclase) and chlorite. This study can provide useful insights into the geochemistry of CO2 storage in other arkosic arenite (feldspar rich sandstone) formations at other pilots or target sites.

Key words

carbon capture and storage (CCS) CO2 sequestration geochemical interaction mineral trapping CCS demonstration project reactive transport modeling 


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This work was partially supported by the Global Climate and Energy Project (No. 2384638-43106-A), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41072180), the Special Scientific Research Fund of Public Welfare Profession of the Ministry of Land and Resources of China (No. 201211063), and a bilateral project of China Australia Geological Storage of CO2 Project Phase 2 (CAGS2). We would like to thank Dr. Sizhen Peng, Jiutian Zhang (The Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21) and Maoshan Chen (The Shenhua Group Corporation Limited) for their insightful suggestions on the manuscript. Two anonymous reviewers are also gratefully acknowledged. The final publication is available at Springer via


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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guodong Yang
    • 1
  • Yilian Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aleks Atrens
    • 2
  • Danqing Liu
    • 1
  • Yongsheng Wang
    • 3
  • Li Jia
    • 4
  • Yu Lu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Environmental StudiesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.The Queensland Geothermal Energy Centre of Excellence, School of Mechanical and Mining EngineeringThe University of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia
  3. 3.China Shenhua Coal Liquefaction Co, Ltd. OrdosOrdosChina
  4. 4.The Administrative Center for China’s Agenda 21BeijingChina

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